India's diplomatic offensive and mobilisation paid off. Pakistan can no more appropriate the margin between low-intensity cross-border war and a full-fledged military showdown through nuclear blackmail. Also, Islamabad had long been in cahoots with the Taliban and become a nursery of international terrorism. A virtual US ultimatum compelled this born-again ally to join the "global coalition" in but not beyond Afghanistan. India's firm stance did however play a part in ending self-serving dissimilitude such as in the West's differentiating between "good" and "bad" terrorism.
Musharraf must be given full credit for coming to terms with reality even while awaiting ground-truthing. But since he has accepted Vajpayee's appeal to "alter mindsets" and "jettison historical baggage", it might be useful to itemise some of these elements as an aid to meaningful dialogue. The charge of Indian "state terrorism" and human rights violations in J&K reflects the sad consequence and not the cause of terrorism and proxy war. The same was said of Indian Punjab not so long ago. No more, after Pakistan-assisted Khalistani terror was ended.