Tuesday, Dec 06, 2022
Outlook.com
Opinion

Mushrooming Nukes

The challenges of nuclear risk reduction are likely to be greater on the subcontinent than it was for the US and the Soviet Union.

Mushrooming Nukes
Mushrooming Nukes
outlookindia.com
-0001-11-30T00:00:00+05:53

Deterrence theorists and strategic analysts argue about most things, including this paradox. Deterrence optimists who believe in the stabilising attributes of offsetting nuclear capabilities are convinced that the spectre of the mushroom cloud will rationalise national security policies. The Kargil war didn't shake their optimism—they thought its short duration, and the concerted international efforts to end the hostilities, can be attributed to the nuclear dangers present. Other deterrence theorists are not as sanguine. Indeed, most strategic analysts believe offsetting nuclear forces could only provide for stability when opposing nuclear forces are safe, secure and survivable against pre-emptive attack.

For states with strategic depth, the problems of maintaining safe, secure and survivable nuclear forces are quite surmountable. For those not blessed with strategic depth, maintaining safe nuclear forces is a challenge. These can be met by maintaining some nuclear capabilities at a state of readiness, but this poses another set of dangers.

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