The 55th-round report of NSSO titled 'Employment and Unemployment Situation among Social Groups of India, 1999-2000' suggests that OBCs have not caught up with the elite socio-economically. In fact, they are positioned, as always, below the upper-end 'Other' category comprising Hindu forward castes and non-Hindus—upper castes among Sikhs and Christians, and Muslims, and Jains—and above the bottom-end SC/ST groups in both rural and urban India.
"So far there was absolutely no detailed record available on OBCs. It was a strange situation where the state is constitutionally committed to a subject for which it did not even have data. Now that it's available, it will help do away with popular myths and greatly contribute to policy formations," says Satish Deshpande, reader, Institute of Economic Growth, Delhi.