The review petition contended that the accused was a little over 15 at the time of committing the offence and as the trial wasn't conducted in the juvenile court the proceedings were fit to be quashed. According to the Juvenile Justice Act, a juvenile is not liable for even imprisonment, leave alone the death penalty.
The review was filed in the Ram Deo Chauhan vs State of Assam case in which the Supreme Court had confirmed the death sentence awarded to the accused Chauhan by the trial court and the high court. Chauhan was charged for the murder of four members of a family, including two women and a two-year-old child, while serving as a domestic help in Jorhat in 1992. The crime was allegedly committed by Chauhan after a prolonged spell of harassment suffered by him.