Calls for boycott to protest against the Nazis' anti-Semitic, murderous policies, but the IOC doesn't heed them. Black athlete Jesse Owens bags four golds, demolishing the myth of Aryan supremacy.
Spain, Switzerland and the Netherlands stay away over the Soviet invasion of Hungary. As do Egypt, Lebanon and Iraq over the fight to control the Suez Canal. China boycotts over Taiwan's participation. At the Games, the Russian and Hungarian water polo teams clash, shedding blood.