China is using the same language it used against India while justifying its 1962 incursions into India. The 1962 attack was to insult Nehru while the 2020 attack is to discredit Narendra Modi, writes Vappala Balachandran.
The publicity of 'Musharraf Tapes' in 1999, which were 'unprocessed' intelligence and would reveal the source, was touted as a diplomatic triumph. But what followed was that the source had dried up immediately.
In Colonial India, the process of creating a civilian intelligence agency started only after the 1872 killing of the highest colonial official. In independent India, SPG and NSG were created only after the 1984 Indira Gandhi assassination, writes Vapalla Balachandran.
A study of terrorism history reveals that terrorist groups operating in terror ravaged areas like Syria, Iraq or Afghanistan indulge in 'destructive' and 'escalating' competition to wrest tactical advantage.
The struggle for 'space' in Afghanistan in future will not merely be between the Taliban and the moderate Ashraf Ghani-Abdullah Abdullah government but also involve other militant groups like Islamic State, who could pose serious threats to Indian interests, writes V Balachandran.