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Civil Society

Digital and printed report released by the Jammu-Kashmir Coalition of Civil Society are seen inside their office in Srinagar, Kashmir. A prominent rights group in Kashmir issued a report Tuesday calling India's communications blackout following the scrapping of the disputed region's semiautonomy last year "collective punishment" and urged the international community to question New Delhi over what it called "digital apartheid."

AP Photo/ Dar Yasin

Indian Civil Society delegation member Wajahat Habibullah visits a market to asses the ground situation, in Srinagar.

PTI Photo

Eminent poet and Sahitya Akademi Award winner Shankha Ghosh takes part in the rally for communal harmony and against the recent communal clashes in the State over Ram Navami celebrations, in Kolkata.

Photo by Sandipan Chatterjee/Outlook

People takes part in the rally for communal harmony and against the recent communal clashes in the State over Ram Navami celebrations, in Kolkata.

Photo by Sandipan Chatterjee/Outlook

People takes part in the rally for communal harmony and against the recent communal clashes in the State over Ram Navami celebrations, in Kolkata.

Photo by Sandipan Chatterjee/Outlook

People takes part in the rally for communal harmony and against the recent communal clashes in the State over Ram Navami celebrations, in Kolkata.

Photo by Sandipan Chatterjee/Outlook

External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj, MoS Gen VK Singh, MJ Akbar with Judith D'Souza, an Indian charity worker kidnapped in Kabul last month, as she returns to India upon her release, in New Delhi.

PTI Photo by Shahbaz Khan

Supporters of Trupti Desai during a protest to oppose the ban on women's entry to the Haji Ali Dargah in Mumbai.

PTI Photo by Mitesh Bhuvad

Rights activist Trupti Desai during a protest to oppose the ban on women's entry to the Haji Ali Dargah in Mumbai.

PTI Photo by Mitesh Bhuvad

Bangladeshi students protest seeking arrest of three motorcycle-riding assailants who hacked student activist Nazimuddin Samad to death as he walked with a friend, in Dhaka.

AP Photo

Activists of Pakistani civil society chant slogans during a rally to condemn the Brussels attack, in Multan, Pakistan.

AP Photo/Asim Tanveer

Social activist Aruna Roy at a press conference in Jaipur, Rajasthan.

PTI Photo

In this photo, members of the Libyan Red Crescent carry a body bag as they retrieve bodies found washed up in the eastern shore of Tripoli, Libya. A spokesman for the Red Crescent said the bodies of at least 95 migrants have been found washed ashore over the past five days.

AP Photo/Mohamed Ben Khalifa

A sand sculpture created by Indian sand artist, Sudarsan Pattnaik with the message 'Save the Environment' during Seychelles India day Celebrations at Beau Vallon Beach in Seychelles.

PTI Photo

A prominent Pakistani rights activist was shot and killed by unknown gunmen here as she was returning home hours after hosting a seminar on human rights abuses in Balochistan province.

Actors Rishi Kapoor Neelam Kothari and Pali Hill residents protest against civic body's proposed hawking zones in Mumbai.

PTI Photo/Santosh Hirlekar

Bangladeshi students and social activists protest against the killing of Avijit Roy, in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Roy, a prominent Bangladeshi-American blogger, known for speaking out against religious fundamentalism was hacked to death by some unidentified people in the capital as he walked with his wife.

AP/PTI

Pakistani civil society members hold banners and chant slogans during a protest against extremism and to mark the one month anniversary of the school attack that killed more than 100 children in Peshawar, in Islamabad, Pakistan.

AP/PTI

Members of a civil society group rally to condemn Taliban for the killings of the students in the attack on a military-run school in Peshawar, during a candlelight vigil near Red Mosque in Islamabad, Pakistan.

AP/PTI

Indian-born orchestra conductor Zubin Mehta performs during the Ehsaas-e-Kashmir concert at Shalimar Garden on the outskirts of Srinagar. Srinagar was under tight security amid separatist calls for a strike to protest the concert with renowned conductor Mehta, accusing the event of distracting the public away from the problems that Kashmir faces. Civil society groups organized an alternative concert in central Srinagar, where they were also showing photographs and giving speeches meant to highlight past years of violence and instability in the region.

Dar Yasin/ AP Photo

Senior Citizens and Civil Society members take part in a candle light vigil for peace and communal harmony at Lal Chowk in Srinagar.

PTI Photo

Civil Rights activist Binayak Sen greets Cartoonist Aseem Trivedi who had been arrested on charges of sedition as he arrives for a press conference after he was released on bail in Mumbai.

PTI Photo/Shirish Shete

Former Centre's interlocutor for Jammu and Kashmir Professor Radha Kumar and Dileep Padgaonkar talking to social worker during a meeting with members of the civil society in Jammu.

PTI Photo

Team Anna members Arvind Kejriwal, Kiran Bedi, Kumar Vishwas and others during an election programme in Dehradun.

PTI Photo

A TV grab image shows a man taken away by the police as he tried to throw a shoe at Team Anna. The man has been identified as Kishan Lal (35) who hails from Prem Nagar locality of Dehra Dun city.The incident took place when Arvind Kejriwal, Manish Sisodia and Kiran Bedi were addressing a public meeting at Lord Venkatshwara Hall in Dehra Dun.

TV Grab/ IBNlive

Politicians have had to sit up and hear the voice of civil society

Sanjay Rawat

AP

Hundreds of Anna Hazare supporters participate in a car and bike rally to drum up support for civil society's version of the Lokpal Bill, in New Delhi.

PTI Photo/Kamal Singh

Team Anna member Kiran Bedi participates in a car and bike rally of Anna Hazare supporters to drum up support for civil society's version of the Lokpal Bill, in New Delhi.

PTI Photo/Kamal Singh

Team Anna members Arvind Kejriwal, Prashant Bhushan, Kiran Bedi and Manish Sisodiya after meeting BJP leaders Sushma Swaraj and Arun Jaitely at Parliament on the first day of its winter session, in New Delhi.

PTI Photo/ Kamal Singh

Members of team Anna Arvind Kejriwal, Prashant Bhushan, Shanti Bhushan and Manish Sisodiya during a news conference in Ghaziabad.

PTI Photo

Shiv Sena activists raise slogans during a protest against civil society members Prashant Bhushan, Arvind Kejriwal and Kiran Bedi in New Delhi.

PTI Photo/ Kamal Kishore

Combo image, from right, Shanti Bhushan, Prashant Bhushan, Kiran Bedi and Mufti Shamoon Qasmi arrive to attend the meeting of the core committee of Team Anna, in Kaushambi.

PTI Photo

Civil society members Arvind Kejriwal, Kiran Bedi, Shashi Bhushan and Prashant Bhushan address the media after their core committee meeting in Kaushambi, Ghaziabad. Battered by allegations of financial misconduct, the core committee of Team Anna met but ruled out disbanding itself saying it will not be cowed down by government's "attempts to target its members".

PTI Photo

Team Anna's Arvind Kejriwal addressing a press conference in New Delhi.

PTI Photo/ Subhav Shukla

File Photo of Prashant Bhushan (L) and Arvind Kejriwal addressing the media in Noida. Bhushan was beaten up by two youths suspected to be from Sriram Sena in his Supreme Court lawyers' chambers as they were upset with his stand on Jammu and Kashmir. Bhushan was speaking to a TV news channel when the two youths barged into his office in the New Lawyers Chamber opposite Supreme Court this afternoon and started showering blows on him. The lawyer was pulled out of the chair, slapped, dragged and repeatedly punched. He was pinned down on the floor and kicked on his chest. Bhushan's shirt was torn and his spectacles fell when he was roughed up. As his staff and others gathered, one of the two attackers managed to escape while another was caught by them and handed over to police. Bhushan was later taken to the Ram Manohar Lohia hospital.

PTI Photo/ Atul Yadav

Team Anna members Arvind Kejriwal, Prashant Bhushan, Shanti Bhushan and Kiran Bedi during a press conference at Gandhi Peace Foundation in New Delhi.

PTI Photo/ Shahbaz Khan

Anna Hazare gestures as he addresses media after the core committee meeting of Civil society as member Arvind Kejriwal (R) looks on in Ralegan Siddhi in Ahmadnagar.

PTI Photo

Team members Shanti Bhushan, Kiran Bedi, Arvind Kejriwal, Prashant Bhushan, Manish Sisodia and others during a programme in Anna Hazare's village Ralegan Siddhi in Ahmadnagar.

PTI Photo

Civil society members Medha Patkar, Kiran Bedi and Arvind Kejriwal address the media after their core committee meeting in Ralegan Siddhi in Ahmadnagar.

PTI Photo

Team members Shanti Bhushan, Kiran Bedi, Arvind Kejriwal and Manish Sisodia during a programme in Anna Hazare's village Ralegan Siddhi in Ahmadnagar.

PTI Photo

Civil society members Anna Hazare, Kiran Bedi and Santosh Hegde during a meeting in Ralegan Siddhi in Ahmadnagar.

PTI Photo

Parleys all around Chidambaram and Sibal in May, a time when government was still collaborating, even if unwillingly, with civil society representatives

Jitender Gupta

Supporters of social activist Anna Hazare take part in a candle light vigil in Coimbatore on Saturday.

PTI Photo

107 years old Anna Hazare supporter on the 6th day of Anna's fast against corruption at Ramlila ground in New Delhi.

PTI Photo/Shahbaz Khan

Social activists Anna Hazare, Shanti Bhushan ,Kiran Bedi and Swami Agnivesh during a press conference in New Delhi.

PTI Photo/Manvender Vashist

A freedom fighter meets Social activist Anna Hazare after a press conference in New Delhi.

PTI Photo/Manvender Vashist

Social activist Anna Hazare with Kiran Bedi, Prashant Bhushan and Arvind Kejriwal after attending a meeting with Parliament's standing committee on personal, public grievances, law and justice at Parliament Annexe, in New Delhi.

PTI Photo/Kamal Kishore

Social activist Anna Hazare being welcomed on the sets of a television show, Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Lil Champs in Mumbai Tuesday.

PTI Photo/Mitesh Bhuvad

Social activist Anna Hazare listens to Kiran Bedi during a press conference in New Delhi.

PTI Photo/Kamal Singh

Social activist Anna Hazare speaks during a press conference in New Delhi. Hazare questioned the government's intentions on the Lokpal Bill and said he was ready to go to jail if he was not allowed to demand a strong anti-corruption law.

PTI Photo by Kamal Singh

Civil Society activists Prashant Bhushan and Kiran Bedi during a press conference in New Delhi.

PTI Photo/Subhav Shukla

Social activist Anna Hazare with Swami Agnivesh, Prashant Bhushan, Arvind Kejriwal and Kiran Bedi addresses a press conference in New Delhi.

PTI Photo/Vijay Verma

Sandeep Adhwaryu

Plug The Holes Anna and other civil society members leave after the June 15 meeting

Civil society members of the drafting committee

Jitender Gupta

Civil society activists Anna Hazare, Shanti Bhushan, Kiran Bedi, Arvind Kejriwal and others at Gandhi Samadhi before Anna's one-day fast against police crackdown on Baba Ramdev and his supporters, at Rajghat in New Delhi.

PTI Photo/ Atul Yadav

Civil society activist Anna Hazare after a meeting at Maharashtra Sadan in New Delhi. Hazare along with other activists changed the venue for his hunger strike on June 8 from Jantar Mantar to Rajghat in the national capital.

PTI Photo/ Subhav Shukla

Civil society activists Anna Hazare (second left), Arvind Kejriwal (third right), Shanti Bhushan (second right) and Prashant Bhushan (right) during a meeting at Maharashtra Sadan in New Delhi. Hazare along with other activists boycotted the meeting of the joint drafting committee on Lokpal bill saying government's intentions raised serious doubts about having a strong anti-corruption watchdog.

PTI Photo/ Subhav Shukla

Union HRD Minister Kapil Sibbal along with civil society members Anna Hazare, Santosh Hegde, Shanti Bushan, Arvind Kejrival and Prashant Bhushan coming out after attending a meeting of the Lokpal Bill drafting committee in New Delhi.

PTI Photo/ Vijay Verma

From left, Justice Santosh Hegde, Shanti Bhushan, Prashat Bhushan and Swami Agnivesh arrive for a meeting of the civil society members on Lokpal Bill in New Delhi.

PTI Photo/ Atul Yadav

Civil society activists Arvind Kejriwal, a member of Lokpal Bill drafting committee, and Kiran Bedi during a press conference in New Delhi.

PTI Photo/Vijay Verma

Social activists and members of Lokpal Bill drafting committee, Anna Hazare (C) and Arvind Kejriwal (R) leave after the first meeting of the panel at North Block in New Delhi. The joint drafting committee on Lokpal Bill had its first meeting when civil society representatives presented a new draft of the legislation to the government with both sides expressing hope that the new law will be brought in Monsoon session of Parliament.

PTI Photo/ Vijay Verma

Prashant Bhushan (L) and Arvind Kejriwal, civil society activists and members of the Lokpal Bill drafting committee, addressing the media in Noida,a day before the committee's first meeting.

PTI Photo/Atul Yadav

Members of the joint committee constituted to draft the Lokpal Bill. (left to right in the top row) Union Ministers Pranab Mukherjee (Chairman), P Chidambaram, Kapil Sibal, Veerappa Moily and Salman Khurshid; (left to right in the bottom row) civil society activists Anna Hazare, Shanti Bhushan (Co-Chairman), Santosh Hegde, Prashant Bhushan and Arvind Kejriwal.

PTI Photo

Anna Hazare gestures after breaking his 98-hour hunger strike after government issued a gazette notification constituting a 10-member Joint Committee of ministers and civil society activists, including him, to draft an effective Lok Pal Bill, in New Delhi.

AP Photo/ Mustafa Quraishi

Social activist Anna Hazare being offered lemon water by a little girl to break his fast-unto-death for Jan Lokpal Bill as Kiran Bedi looks on, at Jantar Mantar in New Delhi. Hazare ended his 98-hour protest after government issued a gazette notification constituting a 10-member Joint Committee of ministers and civil society activists, including him, to draft an effective Lok Pal Bill.

PTI Photo/ Vijay Verma

Social activist Anna Hazare being offered lemon water by a little girl to break his fast-unto-death for Jan Lokpal Bill at Jantar Mantar in New Delhi. Hazare ended his 98-hour protest after government issued a gazette notification constituting a 10-member Joint Committee of ministers and civil society activists, including him, to draft an effective Lok Pal Bill.

PTI Photo/ Vijay Kumar Joshi

Social activist Anna Hazare showing the government issued gazette notification for constituting a 10-member Joint Committee of ministers and civil society activists, including him, to draft an effective Lok Pal Bill, after ending his fast-unto-death at Jantar Mantar in New Delhi.

PTI Photo/ Vijay Verma

Social activist Anna Hazare gestures during his fast unto death against corruption, in New Delh. Hazare began a fast-unto-death demanding enactment of a stronger Lokpal Bill through greater involvement of civil society in its drafting on April 5.

AP Photo/Gemunu Amarasinghe

Social activist Anna Hazare rests during his fast unto death against corruption in New Delhi. Hazare began a fast-unto-death on Tuesday demanding enactment of a stronger the Lokpal Bill through greater involvement of civil society in its drafting.

AP Photo/ Tsering Topgyal

Social activist Anna Hazare (C) waves to supporters as he begins his fast unto death against corruption, in New Delhi. Hazare began a fast-unto-death demanding enactment of a stronger Lokpal Bill through greater involvement of civil society in its drafting.

AP Photo/ Mustafa Quraishi

A member of a Pakistani civil society holds a poster of U.S. CIA employee Raymond Allen Davis, who is implicated in the shooting deaths of two Pakistanis, during a rally against Davis in Islamabad, Pakistan. Washington insists Davis is immune from prosecution because he is listed as a U.S. Embassy staff member. It says Davis shot two Pakistanis in self-defense when they tried to rob him in the eastern city of Lahore.

AP Photo/ Anjum Naveed

A member of Pakistan's civil society shouts anti U.S. slogans during a rally against a U.S. consular employee, suspected in a shooting incident in Islamabad, Pakistan. Aides to Pakistani's president expressed confidence that Islamabad and Washington could amicably resolve a growing diplomatic crisis over the fate of a former U.S. Special Forces soldier held in the shooting deaths of two Pakistanis.

AP Photo/ Anjum Naveed

A relative of a disappeared person leans on a placard during a demonstration organized by Jammu-Kashmir Coalition of Civil Society, a day before International Human Rights Day, in Srinagar.

AP Photo/Mukhtar Khan

Ramvilas Paswan (2nd R), head of the Parliamentary and civil society delegation, speaks at a press conference as other members, including CPI's D Raja (R), look on in Srinagar.

PTI Photo/S Irfan

Members of a Parliamentary and civil society team, including CPI's D Raja, interact with PDP leader Mehbooba Mufti at her residence in Srinagar.

PTI Photo/S Irfan

Chairman of moderate faction of Hurriyat Conference Mirwaiz Umer Farroq receiving the members of a Parliamentary and civil society team headed by Ram Vilas Paswan at his residence in Srinagar. The team is on a three-day visit to the valley to meet the political parties, youth and the families of the victims killed during protests.

PTI Photo/ S Irfan

A policeman inspects the content of a vessel carried by an Afghan man near the site of the peace conference in Kabul, Afghanistan. Taliban fighters wearing suicide vests had fired at the tent holding some 1,500 dignitaries, lawmakers and civil society activists as the conference started on Wednesday, triggering a battle with security forces that killed at least two militants.

AP Photo/Ahmad Massoud

Protesters form the words "No To Martial Law" using face masks as they picket the Lower House at Manila's Quezon city to protest the imposition of martial law in Maguindanao province in southern Philippines following the massacre of 57 people, including 30 journalists and their staff. Both Houses of Congress will begin deliberation on the legality of Martial Law declaration as civil society groups and human rights advocates are calling to revoke it.

AP Photo/Bullit Marquez

School children paint their faces as they emphasize the urgent need to conserve tigers, in New Delhi. Organized by 350, a global initiative against climate change, school children and several civil society groups came together to demand the basic right of survival of the tiger.

AP Photo/Saurabh Das

Russian President Vadimir Putin listens to a question asked without a microphone during the Civic Forum at the State Kremlin Palace in Moscow. Putin urged Russians to turn their energy to develop a stronger civil society, admitting that the Soviet Union was still only at the beginning of the progress.

Maxim Marmur/ AP

Mohammad Nazar Mohammad, talks to other participants of the Afghan Civil Society Meeting in Bad Honnef, Germany. The meeting was organized by Swiss Peace Foundation and German Institute for International and Security Affairs.

Markus Schreiber/ AP

04 September 2002: Civil Society groups leaders walk out of the Sandton Convention Center in a protest against the agreement reached at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg. From left, Ricardo Navaro, Chairman of Friends of the Earth, Vandana Shiva from India and Senator Bob Brown from Australia representing Australian Greens.

Saurabh Das/ AP

Rizwanur We read and heard a lot about young lovers wanting to marry across boundaries of class and community being thwarted by their families—usually the girl’s family. The most high-profile cases were of Priyanka Todi and her husband Rizwanur, who came up against a police and parental nexus, or Srija, the daughter of Andhra film star Chiranjeevi and her husband, Sirish. But there were many others, too, in 2007, popping up in the newspapers and on TV screens. The elopement of a Sindhi girl and a Muslim boy caused a near-riot in Bhopal, forcing the couple to run away to Mumbai to escape harassment. What was heartening, mitigating our shame a bit was the new trend -- the protest marches for Rizwanur and Nitish, the candles lit around their dead faces, the media outrage, the reactions of human rights groups. What is new is the demand for accountability from a law and order machinery that also seems to believe that adult young women should respect the wishes of their families, even if the law guarantees them freedom of choice in matters of marriage. What is modern and liberating is civil society not allowing these violations of law to completely die down. Also See: Embers Flicker 

May: The Kashmir Sex Scandal It was a case that shocked the civil society, not just in J&K, but in the entire country. In second week of March, two porn CDs were made available to the police in downtown Srinagar. Police report stated that "these CDs contained nude scenes of a minor girl from Habakadal. A Class 8 student, the girl was coerced into prostitution. It turned out to be a well-organised racket in which 43 young girls were "blackmailed and coerced" to get involved in prostitution and then regularly supplied to several J&K politicians, police and security force officers, businessmen and surrendered militants. As many as 48 powerful men of Srinagar, including two former ministers and legislators belonging to J&K’s ruling coalition, three Superintendents of Police, seven deputy superintendents of police, a Deputy Inspector General of Border Security Force, 10 local businessmen and several government officials were involved. The police report claimed that the kingpin of this prostitution racket was some one called Sabeena, a resident of downtown Srinagar, and her aid, a surrendered militant. The news led to shock, outrage and violent protests. All sorts of conspiracy theories were floated. The J&K Bar association passed a resolution denying any legal aid to the accused in the Srinagar sex scandal, forcing the Supreme Court to intervene and order that trial of 14 of the 18 accused was shifted from Srinagar to Chandigarh. The Chief Justice was furious and scathing in his comments taking the J&K Bar Association to task for its comments: "It is only in India that despite these comments you are being heard. In no other democracy will it be heard."

Give Us Today Our Daily Bread A Pakistan C-130 aircraft carrying relief materials for earthquake victims lands at Muzaffarabad airport. The army, backed by international aid agencies and US helicopters, is attempting to provide warm clothes, tents and blankets to the region’s quake survivors. However, media and civil society have been critical of the army’s response to the tragedy, which has been seen as slow and fumbling compared to the heroism, dedication and generosity shown by private citizens.

Saeed Khan

Pakistani lawyers, political workers and civil society members take part in the "Long March" in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Thousands of protesters across Pakistan are marching towards Islamabad to press the new government to restore judges ousted under President Pervez Musharraf.

AP Photo/B.K.Bangash

Tuesday May 27, 2008
The controversial Noida double murder involving 14-year-old Arushi Talwar took a sensational turn with the arrest of Arushi's father, dentist Rajesh Talwar, on May 23, followed by her mother Nupur Talwar speaking out in her husband's defence. Meanwhile, the Talwar family has demanded a CBI enquiry in the case, and has also filed a contempt petition against the police alleging that Dr Rajesh Talwar's lawyers were not informed about his whereabouts and that he has been taken to an undisclosed location which is in violation of the court's order. Meanwhile, Noida police justifiably faces censure from all sections of civil society for its glaring errors of omission and commission and seemingly speaking out of turn and presenting unsubstantiated speculation and conjecture as motive.

PTI Photo

Tuesday 31 July
Actor Sanjay Dutt acknowledges photographers as he arrives at the special TADA court trying the cases of the 1993 Bombay blasts in Mumbai. Ending 13 years of marathon trial of the 1993 Bombay blasts which also saw 100 convictions, 12 death and 20 life sentences, the special TADA court's judge PD Kode sentenced the actor to six years rigorous imprisonment for illegal possession of weapons that were given to him by associates of gangster Dawood Ibrahim. Priya Ranjan Das Munshi and Kapil Sibal came out in support of the actor. The redoubtable I&B minister went to the extent of expressing "deep shock and surprise" at the verdict in a news release and much to his party's shock went on to claim that Sanjay Dutt's movie Lage Raho Munnabhai had a "tremendous impact": "It was as though Sanjay rediscovered Gandhiji and his moral principles for the young generation". The minister also went on to say that when the judge absolved Sanjay of TADA charges, it was "established beyond doubt" that he had nothing to do with terrorism. As information and broadcasting minister, he said, he was also concerned about the film industry’s huge stakes in Sanjay’s career. "I cannot be indifferent to this aspect...As a minister, I do not want to question the judiciary, but in a civil society the time has come to gauge the parameters for an unintentional fault, for which Sanjay Dutt had already suffered long enough in the first instance." The party claimed he was speaking in his personal capacity. None of the ministers saw it fit to comment on the cases related to 1992-93 Bombay riots and Barbri Masjid demolition that preceded the serial bombings.

AP Photo/Rajesh Nirgude

Thursday 19 April
Pakistani human rights activists hold placards during a rally in Islamabad as thousands of moderate opponents of religious extremists took to the streets in several cities across the country protesting against alleged "terrorism" of citizens by radical students of a Islamabad-based Lal Masjid or Red Mosque. Chanting anti-extremist slogans, members of civil society, human rights and women's groups demanded tough government action against administrators at the notorious Lal Masjid adjoining madrassa which is trying to enforce Taliban-style law in the capital.

AP Photo/Anjum Naveed

Pakistani human rights activists hold placards during a rally in Islamabad. Thousands of moderate opponents of religious extremists joined rallies in several cities protesting against alleged "terrorism" of citizens by radical students of an Islamabad-based mosque. Chanting anti-extremist slogans, members of civil society, human rights and women's groups demanded tough government action against administrators at the notorious Lal Masjid, or Red Mosque, and adjoining madrassa religious school which is trying to enforce Taliban-style law in the capital. Similar rallies took place in Lahore, Karachi and Peshawar.

AP Photo/Anjum Naveed

Friday 2 February
They killed innocents and called them terrorists. Kashmiri villagers shout anti-India and anti-police slogans as they carry the body of Nazir Ahmed Deka after it was exhumed in Saloora, a village 25 kilometers northeast of Srinagar. Continuing its investigations in the shocking killings of innocent civilians in fake police encounters and then being passed off as militants, the Jammu and Kashmir Police has arrested four of its own personnel, including a Senior Superintendent of Police and a Deputy Superintendent of Police, on charges of abduction and murder. The police also exhumed as many as four bodies from their graves, believed to be that of Nazir Ahmad Deka, Ghulam Nabi Wani, Ali Mohammad Paddar and Showkat Ahmad Kataria, all missing under similar circumstances. Besides the police, the army and CRPF have also launched probes in allegations of involvement of their personnel in the fake encounters. Civil society groups in the state claim about 10,000 people have been reported missing since the insurgency began in 1989, but the state government says the number is closer to 4,000.

AP Photo/ Mukhtar Khan

Wednesday 1 February
Riot police officers detain a pro-democracy activist during a demonstration on the anniversary of King Gyanendra's absolute rule in Kathmandu. Over 1000 people were arrested in Nepal while police fired at rallies and batton charged activists who held demonstrations in 57 out of 75 districts of the country as part of the 'Black Day' being observed by seven major political parties, journalists, rights activists and civil society members. In a televised address to the nation, the King vowed to go ahead with the February 8 municipal polls and said parliamentary polls would be held in 2007. Hours before his speech, hundreds of Maoists raided Tansen district headquarters of Palpa district, 300 km west of Kathmandu, killing 21 security personnel.

AP Photo/Aijaz Rahi