photos

History

The martyrs' well at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar. The Jallianwala Bagh massacre, which took place on April 13, 1919, the Baisakhi day, after Brigadier-General Reginald Edward Harry Dyer ordered 50 British Indian Army soldiers to open fire on a crowd gathered at Jallianwala Bagh. The Massacre marks one of the darkest moment in Indian history.

PTI Photo

History enthusiasts dressed in regimental costumes take part in a re-enactment of Napoleon's famous battle of Austerlitz, celebrating its 212th anniversary near Slavkov u Brna, Czech Republic.

AP Photo/Petr David Josek

Nambiar (podium) speaks on the founding day of the pro-Axis ­provisional ­government of Free India in Berlin

Courtesy: Hiralal Rajgopal

The iconic monument dedicated to the historic "Battle of Delhi" in the Noida's Golf Course.

PTI Photo

In this photo released by Air New Zealand, World War II veteran Norwood Thomas, 93, from the U.S. reunites with his wartime girlfriend Joyce Morris of Australia, in Adelaide, Australia, after more than 70 years apart. Morris was a 17-year-old British girl and Thomas was a 21-year-old paratrooper when they first met in London shortly before D-Day.

Air New Zealand via AP

In this file photo, electric wires are entangled around a statue of Indian freedom fighter Subhash Chandra Bose at road crossing during a cyclone in Berhampur, West Bengal.

AP Photo/Bikas Das, file

A rare picture published in "Gandhi - An Illustrated Biography" by Pramod Kapoor, Publisher of Roli Books shows Mahatma Gandhi seated in the 2nd row, fifth from left, with Greyville Cricket Club, Durban. Not many know of Gandhi's fondness for the game of cricket.

PTI Photo

Activists showing a slide at a programme in Kolkata on Friday claiming that Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was last seen in Tashkent in 1966.

PTI Photo by Ashok Bhaumik

Justin Trudeau (left) with his siblings Michel and Alexandre (Sacha) Trudeau attended the swearing in ceremony of their father, Pierre Elliott Trudeau, as Prime Minister of Canada at Government House in Ottawa.

Ron Poling/The Canadian Press via AP

Carvings are seen on a wall at the Horemheb tomb in the Valley of the Kings in Luxor, Egypt. Egypt's antiquities minister said King Tut's tomb may contain hidden chambers, lending support to a British Egyptologist's theory that a queen may be buried in the walls of the 3,300 year-old pharaonic mausoleum.

AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty

The tomb of King Tut is displayed in a glass case at the Valley of the Kings in Luxor, Egypt. Egypt's antiquities minister said King Tut's tomb may contain hidden chambers, lending support to a British Egyptologist's theory that a queen may be buried in the walls of the 3,300 year-old pharaonic mausoleum.

AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty

The reconstructed face of an Egyptian mummy known as the Gilded Lady on display at Natural History Museum in Los Angeles. There will be a rare chance to find out when "Mummies: New Secrets From the Tombs" opens Sept. 18 at the museum.

AP/PTI

Fireworks explode over the Kremlin during the city day celebration in Moscow, Russia. Moscow is 868 years old.

AP/PTI

People fight during a reenactment of the Battle of Agincourt, in Agincourt, northern France. The French are hosting a reenactment of the clash with England this weekend. More than 800 people in Medieval garb are gathering at the site to commemorate the battle, which was a turning point in the Hundred Years' War.

AP/PTI

In this photo, Israeli and Russian members of knight clubs participate in the re-enactment. The participants use authentic instruments and weapons. Even the food is from that age. The three-day re-enactment is the major event of the year for organizers at the Regnum Hierosolymitanum club.

AP Photo/Oded Balilty

In this photo, Israeli and Russian members of knight clubs participate in the reenactment About a third of the participants arrived with their elaborate gear from Russia. The project is supported by the Lower Galilee Regional Council.

AP Photo/Oded Balilty

In this photo, Israeli and Russian members of knight clubs build their camp before marching to the re-enactment. By nightfall of July 4th, the largest army in the Latin kingdom had been destroyed. There was no stopping Saladin now froom taking over Jerusalem.

AP Photo/Oded Balilty

In this photo, Israeli and Russian members of knight clubs march to the re-enactment. Saladin captured the King and Reynald of Chatillon after the victory. The Christian’s greatest relic, the True Cross, was also captured.

AP Photo/Oded Balilty

In this photo, Israeli and Russian members of knight clubs participate in the re-enactment. On July 4th, the Crusaders tried to access water but their attempt was cut short by attacks from the opposition. Saladin made use of the west wind and set fire to the brushwood which further scattered the fleeing infantry.

AP Photo/Oded Balilty

In photo, Israeli and Russian members of knight clubs wearing medieval costumes have breakfast before the reenactment. After the initial attack on July 3rd, the Crusaders pitched camp for the night at Meskenah, however Saladin’s army surrounded the Crusaders at Meskenah with supplies of arrows and water thus leaving the Crusaders helpless.

AP Photo/Oded Balilty

In this photo, an Israeli member of a knight club sleeps before the re-enactment. In the actual battle which began on July 3rd, mounted archers of Saladin’s army ceaselessly attacked the marching Crusaders for over six hours. The Crusaders were forced to change their course to pitch camp by the springs of Kafr Hattin. This proved to be a disaster, as Saladin’s army blocked the way and attacked the Templars from behind.

AP Photo/Oded Balilty

In this photo, Israeli and Russian members of knight clubs wait in their camp before marching 27 kilometers (17 miles) to the re-enactment of the Battle of Hattin from the ancient northern city of Zippori to Horns of Hattin, northern Israel. Saladin’s army captured and killed most of the crusaders after the battle. Saladin became vizir of Egypt in 1167 and since then he had several political and military successes to his name which culminated in his conquer of Jerusalem.

AP Photo/Oded Balilty

In this photo, Israeli and Russian members of knight clubs wearing medieval costumes have breakfast before the reenactment of the Battle of Hattin in Lavi Forest, northern Israel. During the re-enactment, the participants were either assigned to the side led by Guy of Lusignan, the Crusader King of Jerusalem or the side led by sultan Saladin.

AP Photo/Oded Balilty

Israeli and Russian members of knight clubs, ride their horses on their way to the re-enactment of the Battle of Hattin. Replete with swords, shields and body armor, some 60 history buffs marched 27 kilometers for the re-enactment. The reconstruction happened in the same location and setting as the actual battle. The project is based on academic studies and archaeological evidence.

AP Photo/Oded Balilty

Two months after the battle, Saladin conquered Jerusalem. The reconstruction of this important battle is being done by Regnum Hierosolymitanum, an organization dedicated to preserving historical moments. In this photo, Israeli and Russian members of knight clubs cook their breakfast before the re-enactment begins.

AP Photo/Oded Balilty

At the Battle of Hattin in 1187, the Crusaders of Jerusalem clashed with the forces of Kurdish Ayyubid Sultan Salah ad-Din also known as Saladin, near the extinct volcano “Horns of Hattin” in present-day northern Israel. The victory of Saladin's army was momentous as it marked the beginning of the transition from Christian hegemony to Muslim rule in the Holy Land. Some 60 history buffs are re-enacting the famed battle. In this photo, Israeli and Russian members of knight clubs wearing medieval costumes eat dinner two nights before marching 27 kilometers to the re-enactment.

AP Photo/Oded Balilty

In this photo, Israeli and Russian members of knight clubs, ride their horses on their way to the reenactment of the Battle of Hattin in Horns of Hattin, northern Israel. Replete with swords, shields and body armor, some 60 history buffs marched 27 kilometers (17 miles) this weekend while re-enacting the Battle of Hattin, one of the most significant battles of the Middle Ages.

AP Photo/Oded Balilty

Charles, Prince of Wales unveils a monument dedicated to the Battle of Waterloo during the ceremonial opening of the Hougoumont Farm in Braine-l'Alleud, near Waterloo, Belgium. Hougoumont Farm played a critical role in the outcome of the Battle of Waterloo.

AP Photo/Geert Vanden Wijngaert, Pool

Haryana Archaelogy Minister Ram Bilas Sharma announced at a press conference in Chandigarh the setting up of a state level museum on five acres of land at Rakhigarhi in Hisarto display pottery and other items excavated from the site.

PTI Photo

Asian and Africen leaders, from left to right in front row, Chairwoman of ruling Indonesian Democratic Party-Struggle Megawati Sukarnoputri, Peng Liyuan, wife of Chinese President Xi Jinping, Xi, Indonesian President Joko Widodo, Widodo's wife Iriana, Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak and Najib's wife Rosmah Mansur lead the reenactment of the historic walk from 1955 along Asia Africa Street in conclusion of the Asian African Summit, in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia.

AP Photo/ Achmad Ibrahim, Pool

Islamic State militants blow up parts of the ancient Iraqi Assyrian city of Nimrud.

TV Grab/Youtube

In this Aug. 29, 2013, photo, Stanley Kutler poses for a photo in his home in Madison, Wis. Kutler, the Watergate historian who successfully fought for the release of President Richard Nixon's secret tapes, has died in Wisconsin.

AP Photo/The Capital Times, Michelle Stocker

The moon blocks part of the sun during a solar eclipse as seen over a statue at the one of the city landmarks, the General Staff Headquarters in St.Petersburg, Russia.

AP Photo/Dmitry Lovetsky

Mughal-era Silver coins (inset) found at bank of the river Ganga in Kanpur.

PTI Photo

French historian Jacques Le Goff, 90, revered proponent of New History, which took the focus of historical research from “political figures and events to mentality and anthropology”. Also editor of journal Annales.

Bipan Chandra, 86, secular, Left-leaning modern India historian whose work remains an exemplar of his position. Communalism and economic nationalism were recurring themes.

A tourist couple kisses next to bullet holes, which remain from the fight for the liberation of Paris, mid August 1944, along the wall of the Tuileries Garden at the place de la Concorde in Paris. The French capital is holding commemoration events all week marking 70 years since Allied troops freed it from Nazi occupation on Aug. 25, 1944 during World War II.

AP Photo/Michel Euler

Yellapragada Sudershan Rao, the chairman of the Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR)

Narendra Bisht

The excavated remains of the walls at Garden complex, situated on the opposite bank of the Taj Mahal in Agra. The complex, known as Mehtab Bagh, is also associated with the myth of the black Taj.

PTI Photo

Rare Gupta period sculptures depicting Lord Buddha which were discovered by the Archaeological Survey of India during an excavation at Sarnath near Varanasi.

PTI Photo

Archeologists of the Archaeological Survey of India display an idol of Lord Vishnu and a sculpture of a bull of 12th century which were found during their ongoing excavation project at Purana Qila grounds in New Delhi.

PTI Photo/Shirish Shete

Gill Klein, former National Press Club president(L), Max Desfor, photographer(C) and Myron Belkind(R) ,with an iconic photograph of Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru, in Washington.

PTI Photo

File Photo of Muhammad Ali Jinnah (centre) seen sitting during the 26th Annual Session of the All-India Muslim League in December 1938 at the Lawn (now Gandhi Maidan) in Patna.

PTI Photo

Thomas Munro Indologist, empire-builder

Damaged objects lie on the floor and in broken cases in the Malawi Antiquities Museum after it was ransacked and looted in Malawi, south of Minya, Egypt

AP Photo/Roger Anis, El Shorouk Newspaper

Damaged objects lie on the floor and in broken cases in the Malawi Antiquities Museum after it was ransacked and looted in Malawi, south of Minya, Egypt

AP Photo/Roger Anis, El Shorouk Newspaper

Rows of display cases are broken and empty at the Malawi Antiquities Museum after it was ransacked and looted between the evening of Thursday, Aug. 15 and the morning of Friday, Aug. 16, 2013 in Malawi, south of Minya, Egypt, Saturday, Aug. 17, 2013.

AP Photo/Roger Anis, El Shorouk Newspaper

Damaged pharaonic objects lie on the floor of the Malawi Antiquities Museum after it was ransacked and looted between the evening of Thursday, Aug. 15 and the morning of Friday, Aug. 16, 2013, in Malawi, south of Minya, Egypt.

AP Photo/Roger Anis, El Shorouk Newspaper

R.I.P Sharada Dwivedi, one of Mumbai's best-known historian, who authored a series of books on the city's history died. She was 69.

The image shows the signature of the then Indian Viceroy Lord George Curzon on a rare 1807 book which has been sent to National Archives for restoring to its old glory.

PTI Photo

History enthusiasts take part in a re-enactment of the Battle of Austerlitz to mark its 207th anniversary near the city of Brno, Czech Republic. The Battle of Austerlitz is widely considered to be Napoleon's greatest victory, as he destroyed the troops of the Third Coalition made up of Russian and Austrian forces, giving France a glorious victory and prompting other changes in the European diplomatic area.

AP Photo/Petr David Josek

Odd Arne Westad

AP

A girl inspects the mouth of a model of a dinosaur in the exhibition 'World of Dinosaurs' in Hohenfelden near Erfurt, central Germany.

AP Photo/Jens Meyer

An archaeologist with the Supreme Council of Antiquities, attends the re-opening of the "Serapeum", the burial place of the sacred Apis bulls which had been closed for many years, at the Saqqara archaeological site, 30 kilometers (19 miles) south of Cairo, Egypt. Saqqara is a vast, ancient burial ground in Egypt, serving as the necropolis for the Ancient Egyptian capital, Memphis. Saqqara was discovered by Auguste Mariette in the 1850's and it has been designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1979.

AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell

Abul Kalam Azad (R), Information and Cultural Affairs Minister of Bangladesh, presenting the replica of 'Padma Boat', which was used by Rabindra Nath Tagore in Bangladesh, to Rabindra Bharati University in Kolkata. West Bengal Commerce and Industries Minister Partha Chatterjee (L) is also seen.

PTI Photo

Former President APJ Abdul Kalam, senior BJP leader L K Advani and Congress MP Shashi Tharoor and others at the launch of Sudheendra Kulkarni's (3rd R) book Music of the Spinning Wheel in New Delhi.

PTI Photo/Shahbaz Khan

Researcher Silvia Gori works inside the Sant'Orsola monastery in Florence, Italy. Archeologists found a skeleton buried inside the monastery that could belong to Lisa Gherardini, the first model of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Mona Lisa' painting. Lisa Gherardini was the wife of a silk merchant called Francesco del Giocondo (in fact, Italians refer to the Mona Lisa as the “Gioconda”). According to art historian Giorgio Vasari, del Giocondo commissioned Leonardo to paint a portrait of his wife. Leonardo took about 15 years to complete what was to become one of the most famous paintings in the world. When her husband died, Lisa retired to the Sant’Orsola convent where she died age 63, on the 5th of July 1542.

AP Photo/Fabrizio Giovannozzi

New finds at the Kodumanal site in Erode reveal an industrial complex from 4th c BC: steel, spindles for cotton, potsherds with Tamil-Brahmi signatures.

Group of children with donkeys. Unknown location, possibly in Darjeeling or north Bengal. This is one of the 178 images recently discovered in the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (RCAHMS) in Edinburgh, which date back to around 1912, showing life on the subcontinent at the high point of the British Raj.

Copyright RCAHMS

Street hairdresser giving a 'Hindustani haircut' (pudding bowl), Strand Road South, Kolkata. The High Court is in the left distance, the building behind could be the Volunteer HQ. This is one of the 178 images recently discovered in the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (RCAHMS) in Edinburgh, which date back to around 1912, showing life on the subcontinent at the high point of the British Raj.

Copyright RCAHMS

Street market at Babu Ghat, Kolkata. Also known as Rani Rashmoni Ghat. The ghat was founded by Rani Rashmoni in memory of her husband. The Dakshineshwar Kali Temple was also founded by Rani Rashmoni, who was a widow, successful businesswoman, philanthropist and leader of clashes against the British relating to taxation of the poor. Ahirtola Ghat and Nimtola Ghat were also built by Rani Rashmoni to allow access to river to the common people for bathing. This is one of the 178 images recently discovered in the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (RCAHMS) in Edinburgh, which date back to around 1912, showing life on the subcontinent at the high point of the British Raj.

Copyright RCAHMS

River wharf with boats being unloaded, Kolkata. This is one of the 178 images recently discovered in the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (RCAHMS) in Edinburgh, which date back to around 1912, showing life on the subcontinent at the high point of the British Raj.

Copyright RCAHMS

Riverbank with bathers and ship, probably from Chandpal Ghat, Kolkata. This is one of the 178 images recently discovered in the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (RCAHMS) in Edinburgh, which date back to around 1912, showing life on the subcontinent at the high point of the British Raj.

Copyright RCAHMS

General Post Office seen across the Lal Dighi (water tank), with the Royal Insurance Buildings to the left and the Collectorate Buildings to the right, Kolkata. This is one of the 178 images recently discovered in the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (RCAHMS) in Edinburgh, which date back to around 1912, showing life on the subcontinent at the high point of the British Raj.

Copyright RCAHMS

Street scene outside the east (Lions) gate, Jagganath Temple, Puri, Orissa. This is one of the 178 images recently discovered in the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (RCAHMS) in Edinburgh, which date back to around 1912, showing life on the subcontinent at the high point of the British Raj.

Copyright RCAHMS

Buildings on south east side of the Lal Dighi (BBD Bagh, formerly Dalhousie Square), Kolkata lit at night for the 1912 British royal visit. This is one of the 178 images recently discovered in the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (RCAHMS) in Edinburgh, which date back to around 1912, showing life on the subcontinent at the high point of the British Raj.

Copyright RCAHMS

A candle burns in front of a memorial wall bearing the engraved names of tens of thousands of Hungarian Holocaust victims in the Holocaust Memorial Center at the United Nations Holocaust remembrance day in Budapest, Hungary. The remembrance day marks the day of the liberation of the Auschwitz-Birkenau death camps 67-years ago.

AP Photo/Bela Szandelszky

A rose lies on a memorial stone in front of the crematorium during the international Holocaust remembrance day in the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar, central Germany. More than 250.000 people were held captive in the camp between 1937 and 1945, and more than 50.000 of them died during that time. January 27, 1945 the Soviet army liberated the largest Nazi death camp at Auschwitz-Birkenau, Poland, where more than 1 million prisoners were killed.

AP Photo/Jens Meyer

A worker digs at the grave of a World War II Japanese soldier at the War Cemetery in Gauhati. A team from Japan has begun exhuming the bodies of 11 Japanese soldiers killed in northeast India during World War II to take their remains home.

AP Photo/Anupam Nath

In this photo provided by Alkazi Foundation for the Arts, which is part of illustrations from the book "Power and Resistance, The Delhi Coronation Durbars" edited by Julie Codell and Alkazi Foundation for the Arts, King George and Queen Mary are seen facing a crowd in Delhi. It was a century ago in 1911, in a tent city of 25,000 people built on the plains of north India, that King George V who came to India to be crowned Emperor stood before princes and maharajahs, soldiers and bureaucrats, and made a surprise announcement that Delhi would be the new capital of India.

AP Photo/Alkazi Foundation for the Arts, HO

In this photo provided by "Alkazi Foundation for the Arts" which is part of illustrations from the book "Power and Resistance: The Delhi Coronation Durbars edited by Julie Codell and Alkazi Foundation for the Arts," crowd gathers at the Jama Masjid on the occasion of the Delhi Durbar in Delhi, 1903.

AP Photo/ Alkazi Foundation for the Arts, HO

In this photo provided by Alkazi Foundation for the Arts, which is part of illustrations from the book "Power and Resistance: The Delhi Coronation Durbars edited by Julie Codell and Alkazi Foundation for the Arts, their Majesties inspect the Naval Guard of Honour as they enter the fort in Delhi, India, 1911. It was a century ago in 1911, in a tent city of 25,000 people built on the plains of north India, that King George V who came to India to be crowned Emperor stood before princes and maharajahs, soldiers and bureaucrats, and made a surprise announcement that Delhi would be the new capital of India. But in a country where just about any anniversary is cause for an official celebration this obvious one is slipping past nearly unnoticed. There are no parades or festivities to mark the Dec. 12, 1911 announcement.

AP/PTI

In this photo provided by Alkazi Foundation for the Arts which is part of illustrations from the book "Power and Resistance: The Delhi Coronation Durbars" edited by Julie Codell and Alkazi Foundation for the Arts, the royal procession moves towards the Jama Musjid Mosque in Delhi, India, 1911. It was a century ago in 1911, in a tent city of 25,000 people built on the plains of north India, that King George V who came to India to be crowned Emperor stood before princes and maharajahs, soldiers and bureaucrats, and made a surprise announcement that Delhi would be the new capital of India. But in a country where just about any anniversary is cause for an official celebration this obvious one is slipping past nearly unnoticed. There are no parades or festivities to mark the Dec. 12, 1911 announcement.

AP/PTI

British East India Company's 178-yr-old brass seal recovered in Tezpur, Assam.

PTI Photo

Pol position A walk through the pols (old-city lanes) of Ahmedabad

Siddharaj

The Zafar Mahal, in Mehrauli, Delhi

T. Narayan

Mapping Mumbai Participants taking in the route from Gateway of India to Kala Ghoda

Dinesh Parab

The funeral mask of King Tutankhamun is seen during a tour for the press in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, Egypt. Dr. Zahi Hawass, Director for the Supreme Council of Antiquities said that three of the 18 items reporting missing from Cairo's Egyptian Museum had been found. According to Hawass thieves entered the museum during the mass street protests that led to the ouster of former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak.

AP/PTI

Wuthering heights A view of Murarrao Ghorpade’s fortress in Gooty, overlooking the vasts of the Deccan plateau

Courtesy: Murarirao Ghorpade & The 18th Century Deccan, By M.Y. Ghorpade

Museum Assistant for Latin America, Leonora Baird-Smith poses with an Aztec turquoise mosaic mask from Mexico on display for the exhibition launch at the British Museum in London. The 15th-16th century A.D. human face mask, possibly representing Xiuhtecuhtli, made of wood and covered in turquoise mosaic will be on display in an exhibition 'Moctezuma : Aztec Ruler' from Sept. 24, examining the semi-mythical status of Moctezuma and his legacy today.

AP Photo/Sang Tan