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Literature

Actor-writer Girish Karnad addresses during the 7th edition of 'Bangalore Literature Festival' (BLF), in Bengaluru

PTI Photo

Christopher Burrow, director of operations at the American Writers Museum, poses for a portrait near the Writer's Room at the new museum in Chicago.

AP Photo/Charles Rex Arbogast

The entrance to the Writer' Room, where Jack Kerouac's "On the Road" manuscript, the extraordinary 120-foot scroll, sits on display at the American Writers Museum in Chicago.

AP Photo/Charles Rex Arbogast

The "Book Cloud" hangs above the entrance to the American Writers Museum in Chicago.

AP Photo/Charles Rex Arbogast

The interior of the Children's Room at the American Writers Museum in Chicago.

AP Photo/Charles Rex Arbogast

Reversible panels highlighting the lives of Chicago based writers, poets, playwrights, critics and columnists hang in the new American Writers Museum in Chicago.

AP Photo/Charles Rex Arbogast

A visitor to the American Writers Museum works a horizontal, touch screen version of the popular word magnet game at the new museum in Chicago.

AP Photo/Charles Rex Arbogast

Visitors at the American Writers Museum examine a long display that celebrates authors who are emblematic of "Many Writers, Many Forms", ranging from poets, advertising jingles, songs and sportscasters, at the new museum in Chicago.

AP Photo/Charles Rex Arbogast

Jack Kerouac's "On the Road" and its working manuscript, the extraordinary 120-foot scroll he would unfurl before startled publishers, sits on display at the American Writers Museum in Chicago.

AP Photo/Charles Rex Arbogast

Visitors at the American Writers Museum look at a timeline display that celebrates authors who are emblematic of "American Voices", at the new museum in Chicago.

AP Photo/Charles Rex Arbogast

The "Word Waterfall" cycles through one of several displays of literary history with quotes from authors at the American Writers Museum in Chicago.

AP Photo/Charles Rex Arbogast

John Keay, a British historian, journalist, radio presenter and lecturer specialising in popular histories of India at the Jaipur Literature Festival 2017, in Jaipur.

Photo by Sanjay Rawat/Outlook

Alan Hollinghurst, an English novelist, poet, short story writer and translator at the Jaipur Literature Festival 2017, in Jaipur.

Photo by Sanjay Rawat/Outlook

James Barr, Christopher Sykes, Tarun Khanna and Robert F. Worth in conversation with Vedica Kant at Baithak, in Jaipur Literature Festival.

Photo by Sanjay Rawat/Outlook

People taking photos at Diggi Palace during the Jaipur Literature Festival, in Jaipur.

Photo by Sanjay Rawat/Outlook

Youngsters at Diggi Palace during the Jaipur Literature Festival, in Jaipur.

Photo by Sanjay Rawat/Outlook

The scene at Diggi Palace during the Jaipur Literature Festival 2017.

Photo by Sanjay Rawat/Outlook

Visitors during the Jaipur Literature Festival at Diggi Palace, in Jaipur.

Photo by Sanjay Rawat/Outlook

Visitors at the Jaipur Literature Festival at Diggi Palace, in Jaipur.

Photo by Sanjay Rawat/Outlook

Congress senior Leader P Chidambaram (R) and Former Tata Consultancy Services chairman S Ramadorai at the TATA Literature Live at NCPA, in South Mumbai.

PTI Photo

D P Tripathi, General Secretary of the Nationalist Congress Party of India, Nitish Kumar, Chief Minister of Bihar, Ashok Vajpeyi, Veteran Hindi poet, Harivansh, Editor of Prabhat Khabar, and Qurban Ali, Indian journalist and writer, during book launch wrtten by Prof. Raghuvansh at New Delhi.

Photo by Sanjay Rawat/ Outlook

Jnanpith Awardee Girish Karnad with Urdu Writers along with English writers,Artists Cultural Activists and Playwrights of Karnataka shout slogans against the HRD ministry to mandatory for the Urdu writers to sign a declaration form stating that he would not oppose the any policy of the Govt.,who seeks the any sort of monetary support from the Govt.

PTI Photo by Shailendra Bhojak

Authors Ayesh Jalal, Shazia Sikander, Venkat Dhulipala , Nisid Hajari, Urvashi Butalia and Yasmin Khan during the Jaipur Literature Festival at Diggi Palace.

PTI Photo

Actress Kajol Devgn with writer Ashwini Sanghi during 'The Sialkot Saga' session at the Jaipur Literature Festival at Diggi Palace, in Jaipur.

PTI Photo

Writer Ashok Vajpeyi and Philip A Lutgendorf during 'Ramchairtmanas' session at the Jaipur Literature Festival at Diggi Palace, in Jaipur.

PTI Photo

Spritual leader Syed Salman Chishty and Congress MP Shashi Tharoor during a session at the Jaipur Literature Festival at Diggi Palace, in Jaipur.

PTI Photo

Singer Ila Arun during the Jaipur Literature Festival at Diggi Palace, in Jaipur.

PTI Photo

Rajasthan Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje at the Jaipur Literature Festival 2016 in Jaipur, Rajasthan.

PTI Photo

Decorations at Diggi Palace in Jaipur for the five-day Literature Festival, Rajasthan.

PTI Photo

Gunter Grass, German Nobel literature prize winner and author of The Tin Drum, has died aged 87

In this file photo, Salman Rushdie holds a copy of his 'controversial book Satanic Verses

AP Photo

Mohammad Hamid Ansari addressing at the inauguration of ‘Times litfest’ at Maidens Hotel.

PTI Photo

Author Mona Eltahawy at the Prithvi Theatre during Tata Literature Fest 2015 in Mumbai

Apoorva Salkade

Jamaican author Marlon James holds his novel and the award after his book A Brief History of Seven Killings was named as winner of the 2015 Booker Prize 2015 for Fiction, poses for photographers following the award ceremony at the Guildhall in London. Marlon James became the first Jamaican winner of the prestigious Booker Prize for fiction with a vivid, violent, exuberant and expletive-laden novel based on the 1976 attempted assassination of Bob Marley.

AP/PTI

Sahitya Akademi Award 2014 , winners pose for a group photograph during an award function at Kamani Auditorium in New Delhi.

PTI Photo/Shahbaz Khan

Congress MP Shashi Tharoor speaks at a session during the Jaipur Literature Festival 2015 in Jaipur.

PTI Photo

Ahmed Rashid, Khurshid Mahmud Kasuri, G Parthasarathy, Anatol Lieven at a session moderated by Suhasini Haider on “Descent into Chaos- Pakistan on the Brink” during the Jaipur Literature Festival 2015 in Jaipur.

PTI Photo

Shabana Azmi, Girish Karnad and Sanjoy Roy during a session at the Jaipur Literature Festival 2015 , in Jaipur.

PTI Photo

Rajasthani artists during the inauguration of Jaipur Literature Festival at Diggi Palace in Jaipur.

PTI Photo

Lyricist and scriptwriter Javed Akhtar, his wife and actress Shabana Azmi and Mahindra & Mahindra Group Chairman Anand Mahindra during the Jaipur Literature Festival at Diggi Palace in Jaipur.

PTI Photo

Rajasthan Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje lights the lamp at the inauguration of the Jaipur Literature Festival at Diggi Palace in Jaipur.

PTI Photo

Nobel literature laureate Patrick Modiano bows after receiving his diploma and medal from Sweden's King Carl XVI Gustaf during the Nobel award ceremony at the Concert Hall in Stockholm, Sweden.

AP Photo/TT News Agency, Jonas Ekstromer

French novelist and 2014 Nobel literature prizewinner Patrick Modiano before holding the Nobel lecture at the Swedish academy in Stockholm.

AP Photo/TT, Anders Wiklund

Patrick Modiano delivering his Nobel Lecture in the hall of the Swedish Academy in Stockholm.

Nobel Media AB 2014

Kiran Desai won the 2006 Man Booker Prize for her novel, 'The Inheritance of Loss'

Hindi poet and now the 2013 Jnanpith Award winner Kedarnath Singh at his residence in Saket on September 13, 2009.

Sanjay Rawat

Hindi poet and now the 2013 Jnanpith Award winner Kedarnath Singh at his residence in Saket on September 13, 2009.

Sanjay Rawat

Hindi poet and now the 2013 Jnanpith Award winner Kedarnath Singh at his residence in Saket on September 13, 2009.

Sanjay Rawat

In this photo taken Sunday, Nov. 3, 2013, Nobel Prize winning author Nadine Gordimer, arrives for the South African premier of the movie "Mandela - Long Walk To Freedom" in Johannesburg. Gordimer died peacefully in her sleep aged 90.

AP Photo/Denis Farrell

In this Dec. 15 1992 file photo, American poet and writer Maya Angelou speaks in Washington, D.C. The renowned author died at the age of 86.

AP Photo/Doug Mills, File

FILE - In this Feb. 15, 2011 file photo, President Barack Obama kisses author and poet Maya Angelou after awarding her the 2010 Medal of Freedom during a ceremony in the East Room of the White House in Washington. Angelou died at the age of 86.

AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais, File

Gulzar with Tripurari Sharan, DG Doordarshan at the release of DVDs of Godan and Nirmala serials in New Delhi.

PTI Photo

Pankaj Mishra among eight writers to win the $1,50,000 each Yale Lit prize. Mishra won in the non-fiction section; Nadeem Aslam, Jim Crace also win.

Recipients of Sahitya Kala Akademy 2014 awards during the award function in New Delhi.

PTI Photo/Atul Yadav

Javed Akhtar and Shabana Azmi after being honoured during Sahitya Kala Akademi 2014 awards function in New Delhi.

PTI Photo/Atul Yadav

The Folio awards shortlist.

AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis

Manil Suri has won the Literary Review's Bad sex award for 2013 for his book The City of Devi

Nina Subin/ Manilsuri.com

FILE - In this April 17, 2006 file photo, Doris Lessing, 86, sits in her home in north London. Lessing, the free-thinking, world-traveling, often-polarizing writer of "The Golden Notebook" and dozens of other novels that reflected her own improbable journey across the former British empire, died at the age of 94.

AP Photo/Martin Cleaver, File

Sand artist Sudarshan Patnaik creates a sand sculpture of Rabindranath Tagore in Puri to mark the centenary of his Nobel Prize in Literature, on the occasion of 'Sweden India Nobel Memorial Week 2013'.

PTI Photo

Editorial Chairman, Outlook Group, Vinod Mehta speaks as other participants from left, Manish Kashyap, Bachi Karkaria, Nirupama Dutt and Parbina Rashid looks on, during the merry session called 'Not so strange Bedfellows' at the Khushwant Singh Literature Festival held in Kasauli, on the theme of Punjabis married to non-Punjabis.

Rajendra Yadav

Photo by Jitender Gupta

Rajendra Yadav

Photo by Shashwat Saxena

Rajendra Yadav

Photo by Gauri Gill

Monica Nordberg collects an armful of books by newly announced 2013 Nobel literature prizewinner, Alice Munro of Canada, at a Stockholm bookstore. Customers waited for the prize announcement to be first in line.

AP Photo/ Jessica Gow

In this Sunday, Dec. 10, 1995 photo from files, Irish poet Seamus Heaney, center, displays his Nobel literature prize medal, surrounded by his family, from left: his son Michael, daughter Catherine, his wife Marie and son Christopher, after receiving it from the Swedish King Carl XVI Gustaf at the Concert Hall in Stockholm, Sweden. Seamus Heaney, Ireland’s foremost poet who won the Nobel literature prize in 1995, died after a half-century exploring the wild beauty of Ireland and the political torment within the nation’s soul. He was 74.

AP Photo/Eric Roxfelt, File

In this Sept. 17, 2012 file photo, author Elmore Leonard, 86, stands in his Bloomfield Township home. Leonard, a former adman who later in life became one of America's foremost crime writers, died. He was 87.

AP Photo/Paul Sancya

In this June, 18, 1996 file photo, writer Elmore Leonard sits on the set of his latest book-turned movie, Pronto in Miami Beach. Leonard, a former adman who later in life became one of America's foremost crime writers, died. He was 87.

AP Photo/Marta Lavandier

In this Tuesday, Sept. 28, 2010 file photo, author Elmore Leonard works on a manuscript at his home in Bloomfield Township, Michigan. Leonard, a former adman who later in life became one of America's foremost crime writers, died. He was 87.

AP Photo/Carlos Osorio

This undated photo provided by Brown University shows Chinua Achebe at his home in Warwick, R.I. Achebe, an internationally celebrated Nigerian author, statesman and dissident, died at age 82. Achebe's 1958 novel, Things Fall Apart is widely regarded as the first major work of modern African fiction and inspired others to tell the continent's story through the eyes of those who lived there.

AP Photo/Brown University, Mike Cohea

Author Shobhaa De speaks during a session at Jaipur Literature Festival in Jaipur.

PTI Photo

Anne Solange Nobel, Tahar Ben Jello, Selma Dabbagh and Ahdaf Soueif during a session at Jaipur Literature Festival in Jaipur.

PTI Photo

Ajay Navaria, Kancha llaiah and Nirupama Dutt in conversation with Patrick French during a session at Jaipur Literature Festival in Jaipur.

PTI Photo

Poet and lyricist Javed Akhtar during the session "Bollywood and National Narrative" at Jaipur Literature Festival in Jaipur.

PTI Photo

Tibetan spiritual leader Dalai Lama in conversation with Pico Iyer at Jaipur Literature Festival in Jaipur.

PTI Photo

Vice President Hamid Ansari beats a drum during a visit to the 'Temple of Literature' in Hanoi.

PTI Photo/ Vijay Kumar Joshi

Oriya Novelist Pratibha Ray talks to media at her residence in Bhubaneswar. Ray has been declared the winner of the 2011 Jnanipith award.

PTI Photo

R.I.P... Eminent Punjabi writer Kartar Singh Duggal died of old-age related ailments, he was 94. The writer had also served as the Director of All India Radio.

GORE VIDAL, American author, social commentator and playwright whose caustic wit and battles with fellow writers and the establishment was legendary. He was 86.

FILE - This 1977 file photo shows author Gore Vidal. Vidal died at his home in Los Angeles. He was 86.

AP File Photo

FILE - In this Jan. 10, 2009 file photo released by the Florida Keys News Bureau, author and essayist Gore Vidal delivers the keynote presentation during the first session of the 27th annual Key West Literary Seminar in Key West, Fla. Vidal died at his home in Los Angeles. He was 86.

AP Photo/Florida Keys News Bureau, Carol Tedesco

Actress Shobana performs at the Tagore Literature Award ceremony in Kochi.

PTI Photo

Ray Bradbury (1920-2012), R.I.P. The novelist, best-known for Fahrenheit 451, died in California on June 5, 2012, his daughter Alexandra said.

AP Photo/Mark Lennihan

CARLOS FUENTES, 83, Mexican author and fearless public intellectual. His novels, The Death of Artemio Cruz (1962), The Old Gringo(’85) et al, captured the complex realities of his homeland.

Carlos Fuentes Macías (November 11, 1928 - May 15, 2012), R.I.P. Mexican writer and one of the best-known novelists and essayists in the Spanish-speaking world died in a private hospital in southern Mexico City from a massive haemorrhage.

AP Photo/ Eduardo Verdugo, File

In this Saturday, March 17, 2012 handout photo, Indian-born author Salman Rushdie speaks at the India Today Conclave in New Delhi. The controversial author of The Satanic Verses was forced to skip a literature fest in Jaipur owing to protests from a section of Muslims due to the alleged blasphemous content in his 1988 novel.

AP Photo/India Today Conclave

Police personnel impound a vehicle before a protest against British author Salman Rushdie outside a hotel in New Delhi.

PTI Photo

Noted author Amarkant being honoured with the 45th edition of Jnanpith award for 2009 by noted critic Namwar Singh at Allahabad Museum in Allahabad.

PTI Photo

Actress Shabana Azmi with Farhan Akhtar during the Book launch of LAVA a collection of poems written by Javed Akhtar in New Delhi.

PTI Photo/Kamal Singh

In this Royal Mail undated handout photo, a Royal Mail stamp featuring Nicholas Nickleby is seen. The world celebrated Charles Dickens' 200th birthday.

AP Photo/Royal Mail

FILE - In this undated file photo, novelist Charles Dickens poses for a photograph. The literary world celebrated the author's 200th birthday.

AP Photo, File

Lyricist and writer Javed Akhtar meets with Carl W. Ernst (R), a specialist in Islamic studies, at Jaipur Literature Festival 2012 in Jaipur.

PTI Photo

Lyricist and writer Javed Akhtar and singer-actor Ila Arun at Jaipur Literature Festival in Jaipur.

PTI Photo

Lyricist Gulzar speaks at Jaipur Literature Festival in Jaipur.

PTI Photo

Sri Lankan-born Canadian novelist, poet and Booker Prize-winner Michael Ondaatje, left, talks with Amitava Kumar during the Jaipur Literature Festival, in Jaipur. Booker-Prize winning author Salman Rushdie cancelled plans to appear at an Indian literature festival Friday after protests from Muslim clerics and warnings that he could be targeted for assassination.

AP Photo/ Manish Swarup

Actor and playwriter Girish Karnad, left, in conversation with British playwriter David Hare during the Jaipur Literature Festival. Booker Prize-winning author Salman Rushdie cancelled plans to appear at the Indian literature festival Friday after protests from Muslim clerics and warnings that he could be targeted for assassination over his controversial 'The Satanic Verses'.

AP Photo/Manish Swarup

Muslims shout slogans against Booker-Prize winning author Salman Rushdie after prayers in Jaipur, Rajasthan. Rushdie canceled plans to appear at a literature festival after protests from Muslim clerics and warnings that he could be targeted for assassination.

AP Photo/ Manish Swarup

Ashi Dorji Wangmo Wangchuck, the Queen Mother of Bhutan, with lyricist and poet Gulzar at Jaipur Literature Festival 2012 in Jaipur.

PTI Photo

Escaped attention? Rushdie at the Jaipur litfest in 2007

T. Narayan

FILE - In this Saturday, May 17, 2003 file photo, writer Salman Rushdie, author of "The Satanic Verses," speaks during the XI Rio de Janeiro International Book Fair in Rio de Janeiro. Rushdie's visit to India to attend the Jaipur Literature Festival is clouded in uncertainty even as Rajasthan Chief Minister Ashok Gehlot said his trip might lead to security problems. While the organisers say they stand by their invitation to the 'Midnight's Children' author, Gehlot has made it plain to Home Minister P Chidambaram that his visit is being resented by the local people.

AP Photo/ Renzo Gostoli, File

FILE - Essayist Christopher Hitchens speaks during a debate on Iraq and the foreign policies of the United States and Britain, in this Sept. 14, 2005 file photo taken in New York. Vanity Fair reports Hitchens died on Thursday Dec. 15, 2011 at the age of 62 from complications of cancer of the esophagus his magazine.

AP Photo/Chad Rachman