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Nobel Prize

Kailash Satyarthi

Jitender Gupta

Nobel Prize winning activist Kailash Satyarthi meeting Congress President Sonia Gandhi in New Delhi.

PTI Photo

French economist Jean Tirole. Tirole won the Nobel prize for economics for research on market power and regulation that has helped policy-makers understand how to deal with industries dominated by a few powerful companies.

AP Photo/ IDEI, Christophe Lebedinsky

French economist and Nobel Prize laureate Jean Tirole addresses the media during a press conference at the Toulouse School of Economics in Toulouse, southern France. Tirole won the Nobel prize for economics for research on market power and regulation that has helped policy-makers understand how to deal with industries dominated by a few powerful companies.

AP Photo/ Fred Scheiber

Female supporters of Pakistan People's Party cut a cake to celebrate Nobel Peace Prize winner Malala Yousafzai, who survived the Taliban's attack, at a ceremony in Islamabad, Pakistan.

AP Photo/ Anjum Naveed

Combo image: Indian children's rights activist Kailash Satyarthi, left, and Malala Yousafzai, right. Satyarthi of India and Yousafzai of Pakistan jointly won the Nobel Peace Prize on Friday, Oct. 10, 2014, for risking their lives to fight for children's rights.

AP Photo/file

Malala Yousafzai poses with a bouquet after speaking during a media conference at the Library of Birmingham, in Birmingham, England, after she was named as winner of The Nobel Peace Prize.

AP Photo/ Rui Vieira

Malala Yousafzai, 2nd right, with mother Tor Pekai, right, brothers Khushal, 2nd left, Atal, 3rd left, and father Ziauddin, left, after speaking during a media conference at the Library of Birmingham, in Birmingham, after she was named as winner of The Nobel Peace Prize.

AP Photo/ Rui Vieira

Malala Yousafzai speaks during a media conference at the Library of Birmingham, in Birmingham, England, after she was named as winner of The Nobel Peace Prize.

AP Photo/ Rui Vieira

A Pakistani customer reads the book written by Malala Yousafzai, who survived the Taliban's attack, at a local book store in Islamabad, Pakistan. Malala of Pakistan and Kailash Satyarthi of India won the Nobel Peace Prize for risking their lives to fight for children’s rights. The decision made Malala, a 17-year-old student and education activist, the youngest-ever Nobel winner.

AP Photo/ B.K. Bangash

Children's rights activist Kailash Satyarthi gestures as he addresses the media at his office in New Delhi.

AP Photo/ Bernat Armangue

File combo images: Children's rights activists , from left, Kailash Satyarthi of India and Malala Yousafzai of Pakistan win the Nobel Peace Prize 2014. Malala, a 17-year-old student and education activist,becomes the youngest-ever Nobel winner.

Combo image: Kailash Satyarthi on twitter / Malala Yousafzai ( AP Photo/ Jessica Rinaldi, File)

Chair of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, Thorbjorn Jagland holds photos of children's rights activists Malala Yousafzai of Pakistan, right, and Kailash Satyarthi of India at The Norwegian Nobel Institute in Oslo after they were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize 2014.

AP Photo/ Vegard Wivestad Grott, Scanpix

The Nobel Prize in Peace is awarded to Indian Kailash Satyarthi and Pakistani Malala Yousafzay.

Nobelprize.org

Patrick Modiano of France wins the 2014 Nobel Prize for Literature.

AP Photo/ Gallimard

Combo image: From left, Americans Eric Betzig, William Moerner and German scientist Stefan Hell who are the winners of the 2014 Nobel Prize in Chemistry .

AP/PTI

Combo image: From left, Meijo University Prof. Isamu Akasaki, 85, Nagoya University Prof. Hiroshi Amano, 54, Meijo and Shuji Nakamura, 60, of the University of California at Santa Barbara, U.S.A. The three Japanese scientists won Nobel Prize in physics for the invention of blue light-emitting diodes — a new energy efficient and environment-friendly light source.

AP/PTI

Edvard Moser and his wife May-Britt Moser in a laboratory in in Trondheim in 2008. The 2014 Nobel Prize for Medicine was won by Edvard and May_Britt Moser together with U.S.-British scientist John O'Keefe.

AP/PTI

File combo images: From left, professor John O'Keefe, Norway's May-Britt Moser and Norwegian scientist Edvard Moser was announced joint winners of the 2014 Nobel Prize for Medicine.

AP Photo/ UCL, dpa, Scanpix Sweden

Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama with noble laureates, Shirin Ebadi of Iran (L) and Judy William of USA (R) arrive at a Tibetan temple to mark the 25th anniversary celebration of Noble Prize to Dalai lama in Dharamshala.

PTI Photo

Indian-origin Academicians Manjul Bhargava has been awarded the Fields Medal, known as the "Nobel Prize of mathematics.''

Courtesy: International Mathematical Union

K. R. Gangadharan, President, International Federation on Ageing, felicitating Nobel Laureate Muhammad Yunus of Bangladesh at the 12th Global Conference on Ageing in Hyderabad.

PTI Photo

Amartya Sen after casting his vote in Birbhum, West Bengal

PTI Photo

The 2013 Nobel Prizewinners from the left: Francois Englert, Physics, Peter W. Higgs, Physics, Martin Karplus, Chemistry, Micheal Levitt, Chemistry, Arieh Warshel, Chemistry, James E. Rothman, Medicine, Randy W. Schekman, Medicine, Thomas C. Sudhof, Medicine, Eugene F. Fama Economics, Lars Peter Hansen, Economics, Robert J.Shiller, Economics, applaud during the Nobel Prize awards in Stockholm, Sweden.

AP Photo/TT, Fredrik Sandberg

The 2013 Nobel Physics Prizewinner Peter W. Higgs with relatives after the Nobel Prize awards in Stockholm, Sweden. The winners of the Nobel Prize 2013 in the categories of medicine, physics, chemistry, literature and economics receive their awards from the hands of Sweden's King Carl XVI Gustaf at a formal ceremony, followed by a gala banquet.

AP Photo/TT/Fredrik Sandberg

Ahmet Uzumcu, Director General of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons holds the 2013 Nobel Peace Prize in City Hall Oslo. The OPCW received the 2013 Peace Nobel Prize for its extensive efforts to eliminate chemical weapons.

AP Photo/Cornelius Poppe / NTB scanpix

Sand artist Sudarshan Patnaik creates a sand sculpture of Rabindranath Tagore in Puri to mark the centenary of his Nobel Prize in Literature, on the occasion of 'Sweden India Nobel Memorial Week 2013'.

PTI Photo

US actress Sharon Stone, left, receives the Nobel Peace laureates summit Peace Prize from Dalai Lama in Warsaw, Poland. Stone was awarded in recognition of her activities against HIV and AIDS.

AP Photo/ Czarek Sokolowski

Sorit

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences announce the winners of 2013 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences as Eugene Fama, Lars Peter Hansen and Robert Shiller during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm.

AP Photo/TT/ Claudio Bresciani

FILE - In this Friday, Sept. 27, 2013 file photo, Malala Yousafzai addresses students and faculty after receiving the 2013 Peter J. Gomes Humanitarian Award at Harvard University in Cambridge. The Pakistani girl who was shot in the head by the Taliban last October for advocating education for girls is the bookmakers’ favorite to win the Nobel Peace Prize this year. Since recovering from her injuries, she has toured the world, becoming a global celebrity. Now 16, she would be the youngest winner of any Nobel, she won the Sakharov Award, the European Parliament’s 50,000-euro human rights award.

AP Photo/ Jessica Rinaldi, File

FILE - In this Friday Sept. 27, 2013 file photo a car arrives at the headquarters of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, OPCW, in The Hague, Netherlands. The OPCW were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

AP Photo/ Peter Dejong, File

A webpage showing the laureates Martin Karplus, Michael Levitt and Arieh Warshel as winners of the 2013 Nobel Prize in chemistry, announced by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm. The prize was awarded for laying the foundation for the computer models used to understand and predict chemical processes.

AP Photo/Claudio Bresciani

FILE - In this Wednesday, July 4, 2012 file photo Belgian physicist Francois Englert, left, and British physicist Peter Higgs right talk about the scientific seminar to deliver the latest update in the search for the Higgs boson at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Meyrin near Geneva, Switzerland. Francois Englert and Peter Higgs have been awarded the Nobel prize for Physics.

AP Photo/Keystone/Martial Trezzini, File

Images of James Rothman and Randy Schekman, of the US, and German-born researcher Thomas Suedhof are projected on a screen, in Stockholm, Sweden, after they were announced as the winners of the 2013 Nobel Prize in medicine. Americans James Rothman and Randy Schekman and German-born researcher Thomas Suedhof won the 2013 Nobel Prize in medicine on Monday for discoveries on how proteins and other materials are transported within cells.

AP Photo/ TT News Agency Janerik Henriksson

Columbia University Professor Joseph Stiglitz, a winner of the Nobel Prize in Economics, arrives at Vishnupad Temple, dedicated to Hindu Lord Vishnu, in Gaya.

AP Photo/Manish Bhandari

Austrian Chancellor Werner Faymann, left, Poland's Prime Minister Donald Tusk, second left, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, second right, and French President Francois Hollande during the Nobel Peace Prize ceremony at the City Hall, Oslo. The European Union has received this year’s Nobel Peace Prize in the Norwegian capital, for promoting "peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights" in Europe for six decades following the tremendous devastation of World War II.

AP/PTI

From left, European Council President Herman Van Rompuy, European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso and European Parliament President Martin Schulz with the Nobel diploma on the podium at the City Hall, Oslo, during the Nobel Peace Prize ceremony. The European Union has received this year's Nobel Peace Prize in the Norwegian capital, for promoting "peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights" in Europe for six decades following the tremendous devastation of World War II.

AP Photo/Cornelius Poppe/NTB Scanpix, Pool

The 2012 Nobel Prize Laureates for Medicine Dr John B. Gurdon, left, of Britain and Professor Shinya Yamanaka of Japan, 2nd left, sit with Nobel Prize Laureate for Literature Mo Yan, 3rd left, of China and laureate for the prize in economic sciences Professor Alvin E. Roth of the USA during the Nobel Prize award ceremony at the Stockholm Concert Hall in Stockholm, Sweden.

AP Photo/Scanpix Sweden/Henrik Montgomery, Pool

The 2012 Nobel Literature Prize laureate, Mo Yan of China receives applause from Academy members after speaking during the traditional Nobel lecture at the Royal Swedish Academy in Stockholm, Sweden.

AP Photo/Jonas Ekstromer

European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso addresses the media after the 2012 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the EU, at the European Commission headquarters in Brussels. The European Union has been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for its efforts to promote peace and democracy in Europe, in the midst of the union's biggest crisis since its creation in the 1950s. The Norwegian prize committee said the EU received the award for six decades of contributions "to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe.

AP Photo/Yves Logghe

FILE - Chinese author Mo Yan is seen during a news conference at the Frankfurt book fair in Frankfurt, central Germany, in this Wednesday, Oct. 14, 2009 file photo. China's Mo Yan has won the 2012 Nobel Prize in literature.

AP Photo/Daniel Roland

WISLAWA SZYMBORSKA, 88, Polish poet and ’96 Nobel winner whose “ironic precision and detached engagement” made her as precious to critics as to readers. Cat in an Empty Apartment sets the standard.

The 2011 Nobel Peace Prize laureates, Tawakkul Karman of Yemen, left, Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, second from left, and Liberian peace activist Leymah Gbowee, third from left, pose for a photograph with Swedish Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt, at the Rosenbad government headquarters in Stockholm, Sweden.

AP/PTI

Liberian peace activist Leymah Gbowee, left, human rights activist Tawakkol Karman of Yemen, center, and Liberian president Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, right, raise their hands together in solidarity during a press conference at the Nobel Institute in Oslo, Norway. The trio will share the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work.

AP Photo/John McConnico

HAR GOBIND KHORANA, 89, the 1968 Medicine Nobel winner along with two others for unravelling the nucleotide sequence of RNA, thereby deciphering our genetic code.

India-born Har Gobind Khorana, winner of the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, died of natural causes in Concord, Massachusetts, USA on Wednesday, November 10 morning. He was 89

Photo Courtesy MIT News

Bangladesh's Muhammad Yunus, 2006 Nobel Peace Prize Winner and founder of the microcredit Garmeen Bank, center, poses for a photo with two students during his visit to the Etre Ayisyen technical school in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. The school received an 80,000 US dollar loan from Yunus' Garmeen Creative Lab to encourage the growth of social business.

AP Photo/ Ramon Espinosa

Thomas Sargent, 68, a professor at Princeton University, pauses as his students clap in his honor during class, in Princeton, N.J. Sargent has won the Nobel economics prize for research that sheds light on the cause-and-effect relationship between the economy and policy instruments such as interest rates and government spending. Christopher Sims, also a professor at Princeton, has also been awarded the honor.

AP Photo/Julio Cortez

Christopher Sims, 68, a professor at Princeton University, poses for The Associated Press in his office in Princeton, N.J. Sims won the Nobel economics prize for research that sheds light on the cause-and-effect relationship between the economy and policy instruments such as interest rates and government spending. Thomas Sargent, a professor at New York University who also teaches at Princeton, was also awarded the honor.

AP Photo/Julio Cortez

This undated photo provided by New York University shows NYU professor Thomas Sargent, who, along with Christopher Sims, a professor at Princeton University, has won the Nobel Prize for Economics, for research that sheds light on the cause-and-effect relationship between the economy and policy instruments such as interest rates and government spending.

AP Photo | New York University

Liberian Nobel Peace Prize winners President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, right, and peace activist Leymah Gbowee embrace as they arrive to meet with some of the women Gbowee inspired to pray and protest for peace beginning during Liberia's civil war, in Monrovia, Liberia. Africa's first democratically elected female president, who was honored this week with a Nobel Peace Prize, will face stiff competition at Liberia's presidential polls on Oct 11 against a fiery opposition candidate and his soccer-star running mate.

AP/PTI

Yemeni activist Tawakkul Karman speaks to journalists after the announcement of the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize in Sanaa, Yemen. The 2011 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Liberian peace activist Leymah Gbowee and Tawakkul Karman of Yemen for their work on women's rights.

AP/PTI

*FILE* - In this May 18, 2009 file photo, Liberian peace activist Leymah Gbowee is seen after she and other activists were awarded the John F. Kennedy Profile in Courage Award at the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, in Boston. Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Liberian activist Leymah Gbowee and Tawakkul Karman of Yemen have won the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize, the Norwegian Nobel Committee announced.

AP/PTI

*FILE* - In this Nov. 30, 2010 file photo, Liberia's President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf speaks during the second day of the third Africa-EU Summit in Tripoli, Libya. Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Liberian activist Leymah Gbowee and Tawakkul Karman of Yemen have won the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize, the Norwegian Nobel Committee announced.

AP/PTI

Noble peace prize for 2011.

PTI Graphics

Seen in this combo from left: Tawakkul Karman- a woman who stood up to Yemen's authoritarian regime, Liberian peace activist Leymah Gbowee and Africa's first democratically elected female president, Liberia's President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, won the Nobel Peace Prize for their work to secure women's rights, which the prize committee described as fundamental to advancing world peace.

AP/PTI

Israeli scientist Daniel Shechtman poses next to a transmission electron microscope at the Haifa Technion, Haifa, Israe. Shechtman won the 2011 Nobel Prize in chemistry for his discovery of quasicrystals, a mosaic-like chemical structure that researchers previously thought was impossible.

AP Photo/Ariel Schalit

In this photo released by Adrian Schmidt, Prof. Brian Schmidt poses for a photograph, at his home in Canberra, Australia, shortly after it was announced he is one of three U.S.-born scientists to win the Nobel Prize in physics for discovering that the universe is expanding at an accelerating pace.

AP Photo/Adrian Schmidt

Nobel Prizes winner for physics Saul Perlmutter smiles with his wife, Laura Nelson, at his home in Berkeley, Calif., after hearing he had won. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said American Perlmutter would share the 10 million kronor ($1.5 million) award with U.S.-Australian Brian Schmidt and U.S. scientist Adam Riess. Working in two separate research teams during the 1990s, Perlmutter in one and Schmidt and Riess in the other, the scientists raced to map the universe's expansion by analyzing a particular type of supernovas, or exploding stars.

AP/PTI

In this Sept. 19, 2008 handout photo provided by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, astronomer Adam Riess sits in his office at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences says American Saul Perlmutter, U.S.-Australian citizen Brian Schmidt and U.S. scientist Adam Riess share the 2011 Nobel Prize in physics. The trio were honored "for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the universe through observations of distant supernovae."

AP Photo/The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Gail Burton

Archbishop Thomas Menamparampil, who is nominated for Nobel Peace prize at Ambari in Guwahati.

PTI Photo

A view of the Nobel banquet at the Stockholm Town Hall, Sweden. Every year Nobel Prize organisers in Norway and Sweden honor laureates with pomp, ceremony and lavish banquets, and this year won't be any different. Except the peace prize winner's chair will be empty. Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo, imprisoned in his own country, won't be picking up the $1.4 million prestigious award and neither will any of his family, including his wife Liu Xia, who are under house arrest.

AP Photo/ Scanpix Sweden/Henrik Montgomery

Overhead view of the Nobel prize ceremony at the Concert Hall in Stockholm, Sweden. Laureates are seated in front to the left and the royal family in front to the right.

AP photo/POOL/ Scanpix Sweden/Claudio Bresciani

The Swedish royal family, front from left, Queen Silvia, Prince Carl Philip, King Carl XVI Gustaf, Prince Daniel and Crown Princess Victoria, listen to Magnus Storch, Chairman of the Nobel Foundation, speak on the rostrum during the Nobel prize giving ceremony at the Concert Hall in Stockholm, Sweden.

AP Photo/Scanpix Sweden/Leif R Jansson

American actors Denzel Washington and Anne Hathaway attend the ceremony for Nobel Peace Prize laureate Liu Xiaobo at city hall in Oslo, Norway.

AP Photo/John McConnico

Chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee Thorbjoern Jagland poses next to the Nobel diploma and Nobel medal placed on the empty chair during the ceremony in Oslo City Hall to honour in absentia this years Nobel Peace Prize winner, jailed Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo.

AP Photo Heiko Junge, pool

The Nobel diploma awarded in absentia to the Nobel Peace Prize laureate for 2010, jailed Chinese dissident Liu Xiabo. The diploma reads: "The Norwegian Nobel Committee has in accordance with the testament of Alfred Nobel, drawn on November 25th 1895, awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for 2010, to Liu Xiaobo." Signed Oslo December 10th 2010 by the Committee members Thorbjoern Jagland, Kaci K. Five, Ellen-Marie Ytterhorn, Sissel Roenbeck and Aagot Valle.

AP Photo/ Berit Roald / Scanpix Norway

An empty chair representing Nobel Peace Prize laureate Liu Xiaobo is seen between Nobel committee members during a ceremony honouring Liu at city hall in Oslo, Norway. Liu, a democracy activist, is serving an 11-year prison sentence in China on subversion charges brought after he co-authored a bold call for sweeping changes to Beijing's one-party communist political system.

AP Photo/John McConnico

Actor Richard Gere removes symbolic prison bars from a portrait of Nobel Peace Prize recipient Liu Xiaobo during a rally across from the United Nations, in New York.

AP Photo/Richard Drew

Peruvian Nobel literature laureate Mario Vargas Llosa, left, receives the Nobel Prize in Literature from Swedish King Carl XVI Gustaf, right, at the Concert Hall in Stockholm.

AP Photo/Scanpix Sweden/Henrik Montgomery

Mario Vargas Llosa, Nobel laureate, talks at the library of Stockholm suburb Rinkeby, Sweden. Traditionally literature laureates meet school pupils in this multi-ethnical suburb the day before receiving the Nobel literature prize from the Swedish king. Vargas Llosa is a Peruvian and Spanish citizen.

AP photo/Scanpix Sweden/Pontus Lundahl

A vigil for Liu in Hong Kong

AP Photo

Former North Korean defectors covering their identities stage a rally demanding the release of Nobel Peace Prize winner Liu Xiaobo near the Chinese Embassy in Seoul, South Korea. The letters read " Stop."

AP Photo/Ahn Young-joon

A Flower is placed near the picture of jailed Nobel Peace Prize winner Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo in Hong Kong as pro-democracy members demand the release of Xiaobo. Chinese security agents launched a wide-ranging clampdown on dissidents on Friday, hours ahead of the awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize to the imprisoned democracy activist.

AP Photo/Kin Cheung

Protesters demand the freedom of Nobel peace laureate Liu Xiaobo outside the Chinese Embassy in Oslo, Norway.

AP Photo/John McConnico

A man shows the first Confucius Peace Prize awarded to former Taiwanese Vice President Lien Chan during a news conference to announce the awardee in Beijing, China. A Chinese group awarded its own version of a peace prize Thursday, a move apparently intended to counter the Nobel committee's decision to honor imprisoned dissident Liu Xiaobo.

AP Photo/Alexander F. Yuan

Police officers stand guard in front of the pictures of jailed Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo outside the Chinese government liaison office in Hong Kong. Protesters rallied in Hong Kong for the release of the jailed Nobel Peace Prize winner.

AP/PTI

Japanese Prof. Ei-ichi Negishi of Purdue University in West Lafayette, Ind., one of this year's Nobel Prize winners in chemistry, reacts during a press conference at Japan national Press Club in Tokyo. Negishi won the Nobel Prize for his work in the 1960s and '70s of one of the most sophisticated tools available to chemists today, called palladium-catalyzed cross coupling.

AP Photo/Koji Sasahara

American economist Dale Mortensen, 71, smiles during a press conference at the University of Aarhus, in Aarhus, Denmark. Prof. Mortensen, along with Christopher Pissarides and Peter Diamond, has been awarded the 2010 Nobel economics prize for developing a theory that helps explain why a lot of people can remain unemployed despite a large number of job vacancies.

AP Photo/Polfoto/ Andreas Szlavik

Professor Christopher Pissarides of the London School of Economics smiles as he speaks to the media in London, following his joint award for the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences 2010. The Nobel is awarded jointly to Americans Peter Diamond and Dale Mortensen, and British Cypriot Christopher Pissarides, as joint winners for developing theories that help explain how economic policies can affect unemployment.

AP Photo/Sang Tan

Pro-democracy protesters hold the picture of Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo with words 'Release Liu Xiaobo' during a demonstration outside the China's Liaison Office in Hong Kong. Imprisoned Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo won the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize on Friday for using non-violence to demand fundamental human rights in his homeland.

AP Photo/Kin Cheung

Pro-democracy protesters hold the picture of Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo during a demonstration outside the China's Liaison Office in Hong Kong. Imprisoned Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo won the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize for using non-violence to demand fundamental human rights in his homeland.

AP Photo/Kin Cheung

An undated image of Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo who won the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize. Liu won the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize today for "his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China" - a prize likely to enrage the Chinese government, which warned the Nobel committee not to honour him.

In this 2010 photo released by the Princeton University Office of Communications, Visiting Lecturer in Creative Writing and the Lewis Center for the Arts, Mario Vargas Llosa teaches a creative writing class, Techniques of the Novel, all in Spanish, at Princeton University in Princeton. Peruvian Llosa won the 2010 Nobel Prize in literature.

AP Photo/Princeton University, Brian Wilson

FILE - Peruvian writer Mario Vargas Llosa laughs after receiving a Doctor of Humane Letters, Honoris Causa degree, from the University of Puerto Rico in Arecibo, about 50 miles west of San Juan, in this Nov. 17, 2006 file photo. Llosa, one of the most acclaimed writers in the Spanish-speaking world, who once ran for president in his homeland, won the 2010 Nobel Prize in literature.

AP Photo/Herminio Rodriguez, File

Ei-ichi Negishi, a chemistry professor at Purdue University, talks with Purdue University President France Cordova, at his home in Indiana, USA, after he won the 2010 Nobel Prize for chemistry.

AP Photo/Darron Cummings

Professor Andre Geim (left) and Dr Konstantin Novoselov who have have been awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics are seen outside Manchester University, Manchester, England. The scientists shared the Nobel Prize in physics on for "groundbreaking experiments" with the thinnest, strongest material known to mankind a carbon vital for the creation of faster computers and transparent touch screens.

AP Photo/Jon Super

Nobel laureates Roy Glauber (Physics, 2005), left, Sheldon Glashow (Physics, 1979), center, and James Muller (Peace, 1985) wear women's bras on their faces as they demonstrate how they can be used as emergency gas masks during a performance at the Ig Nobel Prize ceremony at Harvard University in Cambridge, Mass. The Ig Nobel prize is an award handed out for silly sounding scientific discoveries that often have surprisingly practical applications.

AP Photo/Charles Krupa

Nobel peace laureate Desmond Tutu reacts during a press conference in Cape Town, South Africa. Tutu has announced that he is retiring from public life later this year when he turns 79, saying "the time has come to slow down" and spend more time with his family. After his birthday on Oct. 7, he said, he will limit his time in the office to one day per week until February 2011.

AP Photo

US President Barack Obama is applauded by Nobel Committee Chairman Thorbjorn Jagland after receiving the Nobel Peace Prize during a ceremony in the Main Hall of Oslo City Hall, Norway. The ceremony came 11 months after he was elected as the US President and ironically only a few days within his announcement of sending more troops to Afghanistan.

AP Photo/Susan Walsh

US President Barack Obama talks with Nobel Institute Executive Director Geir Lundestad, left, as first lady Michelle Obama, and others look on during a Nobel Signing Ceremony at the Nobel Institute in Oslo, Norway.

AP Photo/Susan Walsh

US President Barack Obama and his wife Michelle arrive at Oslo International Airport, Gardermoen, Norway where he will receive his Nobel Peace Prize medal. Obama is in the unusual position of accepting the peace prize a week after he ordered 30,000 more U.S. troops to fight the war in Afghanistan.

AP Photo/Scanpix/Heiko Junge

A woman looks at an installation with pictures of 2009 Nobel Peace laureate Barack Obama, right, and 1964 peace laureate Martin Luther King in the Nobel Field at the Nobel Peace Center in Oslo, Norway. Obama will receive the Nobel Peace Prize on Thursday.

AP Photo/John McConnico

German writer Herta Mueller holds a news conference in Berlin, Germany after she won the 2009 Nobel Prize in literature.

AP Photo/Michael Sohn

US President Barack Obama wins the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize for his 'extraordinary' efforts to strengthen international diplomacy. "I am both surprised and deeply humbled by the decision of the Nobel committee." He said that he did not view the prize as a recognition of his own accomplishments, rather as an affirmation of American leadership on behalf of aspirations held by people in all nations.

AP Photo/File

Chairperson of the Norwegian Nobel Committee Thorbjorn Jagland, announces in Oslo, that the Nobel Peace Prize 2009 will be awarded to U.S. President Barack Obama.

AP Photo/Torbjorn Gronning

Joint winner of the 2009 chemistry Nobel Prize Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, sits in his lab at the Medical Research Council Lab in Cambridge, England. Ramakrishnan with Thomas Steitz and Israeli Ada Yonath won the 2009 Nobel Prize in chemistry for mapping ribosomes, one of the cell's most complex components, at the atomic level. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said their work has been fundamental to the scientific understanding of life and has helped researchers develop antibiotics cures for various diseases.

AP Photo/Alastair Grant

"Borlaug's life and achievement are testimony to the far-reaching contribution that one man's towering intellect, persistence and scientific vision can make to human peace and progress", said PM Manmohan condoling the death of Nobel Peace prize winner Norman Borlaug. The agricultural scientist who contributed immensely towards India's Green Revolution, was 95.

AP Photo/James A. Finley

Desmond Tutu, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate 1984 reacts prior to his speech at the Eberhard-Karls University in Tuebingen, Germany.

AP Photo/Daniel Maurer