Lewis Hamilton, who also won last week in Brazil, has trimmed 17 points from Max Verstappen's lead in the F1 title race in a week.
It was Lewis Hamilton's102nd pole of his career, fourth of the season and first since the Hungarian Grand Prix in August.
The FIA said that Mercedes won the right to review the incident in which Max Verstappen appeared to force Lewis Hamilton off track at the Brazilian Grand Prix.
Brazil was cut from the 2020 calendar because of restrictions in place for the COVID-19. The Sao Paulo Grand Prix, renamed for this year, was allowed to open for full capacity only weeks ago when the state government eased restrictions for November.
Max Verstappen was fined 50,000 euros ($57,200) by stewards after he was seen touching the rear wing of the Mercedes car which is against the FIA sporting code.
Lewis Hamilton beat Max Verstappen in qualifying to take pole position for Saturday's sprint race in Sao Paulo, pending the decision on a potential penalty.
Mercedes' Lewis Hamilton was handed a five-place grid penalty after Mercedes decided to change the engine during Friday's qualifying in Interlagos.
Mercedes driver and the seven-time champion, Lewis Hamilton trails his Red Bull rival Max Verstappen by 19 points heading into the race, the fourth-to-last event of the 2021 F1 season.
Max Verstappen now leads Lewis Hamilton in the 2021 FIA Formula One World Championship by 19 points with four races left, starting next week in Sao Paolo, Brazil.
Valtteri Bottas starts from pole position and, most critically, Lewis Hamilton gets an early race advantage over Max Verstappen in their fight for the season championship.
Max Verstappen leads Lewis Hamilton by 12 points as F1 heads into this weekend's Mexican Grand Prix. The Dutchman is chasing his first F1 title with five races remaining this season.
Although Hamilton won in Sochi to clinch a record-extending 100th F1 win, Verstappen limited the damage by finishing a surprise second as the rain came thundering down.
Bottas will be leaving Mercedes at the end of the season and race for Alfa Romeo from 2022
Verstappen was .95 seconds ahead of his teammate Sergio Perez and 1.07 seconds ahead of Formula One champion Lewis Hamilton
Hamilton holds F1 records for wins and poles and has a record eight wins at the Hungarian GP, including the last three
Verstappen's sizable championship lead was slashed from 33 points to eight after he crashed at last weekend's British GP after contact with Lewis Hamilton
Hamilton, who drove a victory lap brandishing the British flag, cut the gap to Verstappen in the drivers' championship from 33 points to eight.
Hamilton's front wheel touched Verstappen's rear wheel sending the Red Bull driver off course. Hamilton was given 10-second penalty
India's Pusarla V. Sindhu celebrates after scoring a point against Japan's Akane Yamaguchi during their women's singles badminton semifinal match at the BWF World Tour Finals in Nusa Dua, Bali, Indonesia.AP Photo/Dita Alangkara
India's Pusarla V. Sindhu celebrates after defeating Japan's Akane Yamaguchi during their women's singles badminton semifinal match at the BWF World Tour Finals in Nusa Dua, Bali, Indonesia.AP Photo/Dita Alangkara
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