Advertisement
Thursday, Sep 29, 2022
Outlook.com
Outlook.com

OBC Bill: 127th Constitutional Amendment Bill And Why Opposition Is Supporting It

The Amendment Bill seeks to restore the powers of states to notify backward classes, bypassing a May 2021 Supreme Court ruling that said only the Centre could notify socially and educationally backward classes (SEBCs).

OBC Bill: 127th Constitutional Amendment Bill And Why Opposition Is Supporting It
Govt gets Opposition's support on OBC bill | PTI
OBC Bill: 127th Constitutional Amendment Bill And Why Opposition Is Supporting It
outlookindia.com
2021-08-09T13:54:07+05:30

Even as ruckus continues in Parliament with the Opposition saying that important Bills are being pushed through by the government without a discussion, a rare consensus has emerged regarding the 127th Constitutional Amendment Bill, 2021.

The Opposition parties have strategically agreed to set aside the prevailing acrimony to support the significant amendment bill that is scheduled to come for passage in Lok Sabha later today. The upcoming Assembly elections early next year – in Uttar Pradesh, Manipur, Punjab, Goa and Uttarakhand – have brought all the parties on the same page where this Bill is concerned. All the political parties are looking at the substantial OBC votes in the states headed for polls.

The Amendment Bill seeks to restore the powers of states to notify backward classes, bypassing a May 2021 Supreme Court ruling that said only the Centre could notify socially and educationally backward classes (SEBCs). The power to identify backward classes was taken away from the states. The Supreme Court decision had triggered protests by state governments and even OBCs from within the government.

The floor leaders of the Opposition parties had met at the office of leader of Opposition in Rajya Sabha Mallikarjun Kharge before the session commenced in the morning. While finalising the strategy for the last remaining week of Parliament, the leaders decided to support the 127th Constitutional Bill as an “exception”. They decided that they would cooperate in the passage of the important bill but continue the protests on the other issues.

The support of the Opposition is crucial for the Bill since a Constitutional amendment requires two-thirds majority of the members present and voting in the House during the proceedings, with at least 50 per cent of the lawmakers required to be in attendance.

 The127th Constitutional Amendment Bill seeks to amend clauses 1 and 2 of Article 342 A and introduce clause 342 A (3) that specifically authorises states to maintain their State List of SEBCs. This would also entail amendments in Articles 366 (26C) and 338B (9) to enable the states to directly notify OBC and SEBCs without having to refer to the National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC).

The Amendment was necessitated after the Supreme Court, in its May 5 ruling, upheld the 102nd Constitutional Amendment, 2018, effectively striking down the Maratha quota introduced by the Maharashtra government - a politically charged issue.

The 102nd Amendment had scrapped the power of the states to identify and notify SEBCs while according constitutional status to the NCBC and giving it the power to examine the grievances in the implementation of the various welfare schemes meant for the OBCs.

Advertisement

Outlook Newsletters

Advertisement
Advertisement
Advertisement

Read More from Outlook

Lament Of Separation: Songs Of Habba Khatun, Last Queen Of Kashmir, Still Echo In Valley

Lament Of Separation: Songs Of Habba Khatun, Last Queen Of Kashmir, Still Echo In Valley

In happy times and sad, Habba Khatun’s sensuous songs make both young and old emotional. With the never-ending conflict bringing tragedies to every doorstep, Habba’s lyrics of separation amplify their mourning.

How Indian Laws Govern People’s Right To Love And Live

How Indian Laws Govern People’s Right To Love And Live

In India, only those relationships between a man and a woman are considered to be legitimate when there is a marriage between the two.

Kohli Quits Test Captaincy, Leaves Leadership Vacuum

Kohli Quits Test Captaincy, Leaves Leadership Vacuum

Virat Kohli, 33, had recently stepped down as India's T20I captain and was subsequently removed as the ODI captain.

UP Elections 2022: How Congress Is Harnessing Power Of 'Persecuted' Women To Counter BJP

UP Elections 2022: How Congress Is Harnessing Power Of 'Persecuted' Women To Counter BJP

A Mahila Congress leader, who is the face of the ‘Ladki Hoon, Lad Sakti Hoon’ campaign, however, has accused the party of anti-women bias after she was denied a ticket.

Advertisement