Nepal President Bidya Devi Bhandari on Saturday dissolved Parliament and announced the dates for mid-term polls, which will be held in two phases starting November 12 in line with Article 76 (7) of the Constitution.
The move follows an emergency cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister K P Sharma Oli on Friday, when he recommended that Parliament be dissolved.
On Saturday, stating that neither Oli nor the Opposition alliance were in a position to form the government, Bhandari said the House of Representatives stands dissolved.
While the first phase of the mid-term polls will be held on November 12, the second phase will be held on November 19.
With four lawmakers in the 275-member House of Representatives dismissed by their party after they chose to be part of another party, a prime ministerial candidate requires the support of at least 136 lawmakers in Parliament to form a new government.
Interestingly, both Oli and Nepali Congress president Sher Bahadur Deuba had claimed the support of some lawmakers, whose names were included in the list of both of them, according to Nepalese media reports.
This is the second time President Bhandari has dissolved Parliament on the recommendation of Prime Minister Oli following a political crisis.
Last year on December 20, President Bhandari had dissolved Parliament but later it was reinstated by the Supreme Court in February.
Nepal’s political crisis had taken a dramatic turn on Friday as Prime Minister Oli and the Opposition parties staked separate claims for the formation of a new government by submitting letters of support from lawmakers to the President.
Prime Minister Oli had reached the President's Office Shital Niwas and presented his list, a couple of minutes ahead of the Opposition leaders.
Oli was the first to declare that he had the support of 153 lawmakers of the House of Representatives, a day after recommending to the president to initiate the process for the formation of a new government in accordance to Article 76(5) of the Constitution, citing that he does not have adequate support to go through another floor test.
The letter he submitted had his signature along with the signatures of Janata Samajbadi Party-Nepal chair Mahanta Thakur and the party's parliamentary party leader Rajendra Mahato.
Likewise, Nepali Congress President Sher Bahadur Deuba along with other leaders of the Opposition alliance reached Shital Niwas with signatures of 149 lawmakers including 27 lawmakers from the Khanal-Nepal faction of the CPN-UML.
The president apparently told the Opposition leaders that she would take a call after consulting constitutional experts, The Himalayan Times reported.
However, a dispute emerged after a few lawmakers from the Madhav Nepal faction put out statements claiming that their signatures were misused and that they did not sign any paper to install Opposition leader Deuba as the prime minister against their own party chief, the report said.
Soon after the mid-term elections were announced, major political parties slammed Prime Minister Oli and President Bhandari for their unconstitutional moves.
Bishwa Prakash Sharma, Nepali Congress spokesperson, said, “People are fighting the pandemic, and this is the gift to the people?.....the PM is riding on his imaginary highway of dictatorship. A collective raping of the Constitution will prove costly.”
Barsha Man Pun, Maoist Center leader, said: “This is a midnight robbery. Gyanendra Shah used to choose Fridays and midnights for similar moves. K P Oli is a stooge for those who did not like our Constitution, and this is an attack on democracy and our Constitution.”
Shekhar Koirala, senior Nepali Congress leader, termed the late development as unconstitutional.
The move has “pushed the country into a scary conflict. This move by the president cannot be pardoned," he said.
Ramesh Lekhak, another Nepali Congress leader, tweeted that the president forgot her duty and trashed the Constitution; she cannot protect and preserve democracy.
The fresh rounds of political chaos, at a time when the coronavirus is raging across the country, can invite more confrontation and political uncertainty, the Republica reported.
There is fear that the new political developments will push the country toward a prolonged crisis, the paper said.
Nepal plunged into a political crisis on December 20 last year after President Bhandari dissolved the House and announced fresh elections on April 30 and May 10 at the recommendation of Prime Minister Oli, amidst a tussle for power within the ruling Nepal Communist Party (NCP).
Oli's move to dissolve the House sparked protests from a large section of the NCP led by his rival Pushpa Kamal Dahal 'Prachanda'. In February, the apex court reinstated the dissolved House, in a setback to Oli who was preparing for snap polls.
(With PTI inputs)